ᱯᱩᱧᱪ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ, ᱯᱩᱞᱟᱥᱛ ᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ
ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ
Rajouris2.jpg
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ is located in Jammu and Kashmir
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ is located in India
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
Location in Jammu and Kashmir, India
Coordinates: 33°46′01″N 74°05′45″E / 33.7670°N 74.0957°E / 33.7670; 74.0957Coordinates: 33°46′01″N 74°05′45″E / 33.7670°N 74.0957°E / 33.7670; 74.0957
Country ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ Jammu and Kashmir
ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • MLA Tantray,Shri Shah Mohd.[᱑] (PDP)
 • MLC Pradeep Sharma.[᱒] (BJP)
 • MLC Shehnaz Ganie.[᱓] (JKNC)
 • MLC Yashpal Sharma.[᱔]
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ 915 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (3002 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (2011)
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱔᱐,᱙᱘᱗
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
 • ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱩᱨᱫᱩ, ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱨᱤ, ᱜᱚᱡᱽᱨᱤ, ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱤ
IST (UTC+5:30)

ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱱᱤᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞ ᱠᱟᱩᱱᱥᱤᱞ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱠᱚᱱᱴᱨᱚᱞ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ 33°46′N 74°06′E / 33.77°N 74.1°E / 33.77; 74.1.[᱕] ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱞᱤᱧᱡᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱡᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱝᱜᱞᱟ ᱰᱮᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱞᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱚᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱥᱚᱝᱜᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱥᱚᱝᱜᱷᱟᱭ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱜᱚᱞ ᱥᱚᱲᱚᱠ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹᱣᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱥᱚᱡᱷᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾


ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱵᱷᱨᱚᱛ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ, [᱖] ᱟᱨ ᱗ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱫᱟᱲᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱡᱩᱣᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱝ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ,[᱗] ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱟᱣᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱨᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱢᱵᱚᱡᱟᱥ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱘][᱙][᱑᱐][᱑᱑][᱑᱒]

ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱮ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱓᱒᱔ ᱵᱤ ᱥᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱷᱮᱞᱚᱢ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱟᱞᱮᱠᱡᱟᱱᱰᱟᱨ ᱯᱩᱨᱩ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱮᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱱᱚᱣ ᱟᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱟᱵᱤᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱾ ᱖ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱟᱲᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱝ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮᱭ ᱯᱟᱨᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱱᱤ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱘᱕᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱭᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱱᱟᱨ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱫᱮᱡᱚᱜᱤᱡ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱫᱚᱭ ᱨᱟᱡᱮᱫ ᱴᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱛᱚᱨᱚᱝᱜᱤᱱᱤ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱᱤᱡ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ, ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱛᱨᱤᱞᱚᱪᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱜᱷᱚᱡᱽᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱴᱚᱠᱠᱚᱨ ᱮ ᱮᱢᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾ ᱢᱚᱦᱚᱢᱚᱫᱽ ᱜᱷᱚᱡᱽᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱑᱐᱒᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱠᱨᱚᱢᱚᱬ ᱞᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ]

᱑᱕᱙᱖ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱜᱚᱞ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱣ ᱡᱚᱫᱷᱟ ᱠᱚᱭᱤᱡ ᱜᱟᱬᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱡ ᱩᱫᱫᱤᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱣ ᱥᱩᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹᱭ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱠᱤᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱩᱫᱤᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱟᱬᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱥᱟᱦᱵᱟᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱴᱷᱚᱨ, ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱚᱵᱽᱫᱩᱞ ᱨᱟᱡᱟᱠ ᱨᱟᱴᱷᱚᱨ, ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱨᱩᱥᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱟᱴᱷᱚᱨ, ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱟᱵᱟᱦᱟᱫᱩᱨ ᱨᱟᱴᱷᱚᱨ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱗᱙᱘ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱑᱙ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱘᱕᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘᱕᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱭᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱢᱚᱛᱤ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱰᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱦᱚ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱨᱚᱬᱡᱤᱛ ᱥᱤᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱴ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱤᱯᱴ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱛᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱑᱘᱕᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱙᱔᱐ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱞᱟᱱᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱢᱚᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱯᱟᱨᱤᱥ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱗᱕ ᱡᱚᱬ ᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱫ ᱵᱟᱪᱷᱚᱱᱚᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱮᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱥᱤᱴ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ]

ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱲᱚᱠ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱤᱭᱤᱱ ᱚᱯᱷ ᱠᱚᱱᱴᱨᱚᱞ (LOC) ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱚᱥ ᱛᱮ, ᱯᱩᱧᱪ- ᱨᱟᱣᱟᱞᱠᱚᱴ ᱵᱚᱥ ᱥᱮᱵᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱥᱤᱢᱟ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱞᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱨᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ ᱛᱟᱣᱤ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱢᱢᱩ-ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱭᱥᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱨᱚᱥᱛᱟᱵᱽ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱠᱷᱱᱩᱨ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱮ ᱡᱩᱲᱟᱹᱭᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱩᱧᱪ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱩᱰᱤᱧ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾


ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "members". 
  2. "members". 
  3. "members". 
  4. "members". 
  5. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Poonch
  6. MBH 7.4.5; 7/91/39-40.
  7. Watters, Yuan Chawang, Vol I, p 284.
  8. See: Political History of Ancient India, 1996, p 133, 219/220, Dr H. C. Raychaudhury, Dr B. N. Mukerjee.
  9. A History of India, p 269-71, N. R. Ray, N. K. Sinha.
  10. Journal of Indian History, P 304, University of Allahabad. Department of Modern Indian History, University of Kerala - 1921; Military History of India, 1980, p 38, Hemendra Chandra Kar - History.
  11. Bimbisāra to Aśoka: with an appendix on the later Saud, 1977, p 16, Sudhakar Chattopadhyaya - India - 1977.
  12. Purana Index, 1992, p 79, A. B. L. Awasthi.

ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱯᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Hutchinson, J. & J. PH Vogel (1933). History of the Panjab Hill States, Vol. I. 1st edition: Govt. Printing, Pujab, Lahore, 1933. Reprint 2000. Department of Language and Culture, Himachal Pradesh. Chapter XXIII "Punch State", pp. 698–724.