ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
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ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ (Republic of India)
ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟᱛ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚ Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧ"Jana Gana Mana" (Hindi)[᱑]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[᱒][᱑]

National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[lower-alpha ᱑][᱓][᱑]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
Largest city ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
18°58′30″N 72°49′40″E / 18.97500°N 72.82778°E / 18.97500; 72.82778
ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
National language None[᱘][᱙] [᱑᱐]
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ
Membership UN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Federal parliamentary republic
 -  President ᱨᱟᱢ ᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱠᱚᱵᱤᱱᱫᱚ
 -  Vice President Venkaiah Naidu
 -  Prime Minister ᱱᱚᱨᱮᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱢᱚᱫᱤ
 -  Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi
 -  Speaker of the Lok Sabha Sumitra Mahajan
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Parliament
 -  ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ Rajya Sabha
 -  ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ Lok Sabha
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Dominion 15 August 1947 
 -  Republic 26 January 1950 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱓,᱒᱘᱗,᱒᱖᱓[᱕] km2 [lower-alpha ᱓](7th)
᱑,᱒᱖᱙,᱓᱔᱖  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) 9.6
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2016 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ increase1,324,171,354[᱑᱑] (2nd)
 -  2011 census 1,210,854,977[᱑᱒][᱑᱓] (2nd)
 -  ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ ᱔᱐᱒.᱘/ᱠᱤᱹᱢᱤᱹ (31st)
᱑,᱐᱔᱓.᱑/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱹ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2018 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ $10.401 trillion[᱑᱔] (3rd)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $7,795[᱑᱔] (116th)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2018 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ $2.690 trillion[᱑᱔] (6th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $2,016[᱑᱔] (133rd)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (2013) 33.9 (79th)
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2017) 0.640 (130th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Indian rupee (Indian rupee sign - ₹) (INR)
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ IST (UTC+05:30)
DST is not observed
ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ dd-mm-yyyy
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ left
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .in
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +91
1 ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱵᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱟᱵᱚᱱ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱮᱛᱨᱚ ᱯᱷᱚᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱤᱥᱣᱚ/ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱟᱜ ᱮᱭᱟᱭᱚᱛ ᱱᱚᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱢᱚᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ (Republic of India)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱗ ᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱷᱟᱹᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱢᱟᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ, ᱠᱚᱧᱦᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱸᱜᱚᱞ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ, ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱚᱵ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱱᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱚᱛᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱙ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱗ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛ ᱤᱞᱟᱹᱠᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱲᱥᱟᱹ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ, ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱢᱟᱨ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ, ᱯᱟᱪᱷᱮᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱸᱠᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Emblem of India

ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱟᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟ : ᱥᱚᱛᱭᱚᱢᱮᱵᱚ ᱡᱚᱭᱚᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟ.ᱨᱚᱜ ᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ : ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱜᱚᱬᱚ ᱢᱚᱱᱚ ᱡᱟ.ᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱚᱦᱚᱬᱮ: ᱵᱚᱸᱫᱮ ᱢᱟᱛᱚᱨᱚᱢ (ᱤᱧ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱪᱩᱢᱟᱲᱟ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ )

Indiaᱜᱟᱰᱷ ᱦᱟ.ᱨᱭᱟ.ᱲ : ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱟ.ᱭᱫᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱛ; ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱦᱟ.ᱨᱭᱟ.ᱲ : ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟ. ᱟᱭᱫᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱛ (orthographic projection)

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • ᱨᱟᱡᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤ ᱺ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ [77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E]
  • ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱺᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
  • ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ ᱺ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ, ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞᱚᱜ-ᱟ
  • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ : ᱤᱨᱟ.ᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱯ

ᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱥᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱾

  1. ᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ
  2. ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ
  3. ᱟᱥᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟ
  4. ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  5. ᱵᱳᱰᱳ
  6. ᱰᱳᱜᱽᱨᱤ
  7. ᱜᱩᱡᱩᱨᱟᱴᱤ
  8. ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ
  9. ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱰᱚ
  10. ᱠᱳᱱᱠᱟᱱᱤ
  11. ᱢᱟ.ᱭᱛᱷᱤᱞᱤ
  12. ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱭᱟᱞᱚᱢ
  13. ᱢᱚᱬᱤᱯᱩᱨᱤ
  14. ᱢᱚᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ
  15. ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱲᱤ
  16. ᱯᱚᱸᱡᱟᱵᱤ
  17. ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱩᱛ
  18. ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ
  19. ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ
  20. ᱛᱮᱞᱜᱩ
  21. ᱩᱨᱫᱷᱩ
  • ᱡᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱯᱟ.ᱨᱥᱤ : ᱦᱚᱠᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟ.ᱱᱩᱜ-ᱟ
  • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ: ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ

ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱚᱫᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ, ᱦᱚᱠᱤᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ

  • ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ: ᱨᱟᱢᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱠᱳᱵᱤᱸᱫᱽ
  • ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ : ᱱᱚᱨᱮᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱢᱳᱫᱤ
  • ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟ. :ᱥᱩᱢᱤᱛᱨᱟ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱡᱚᱱ
  • ᱵᱤᱪᱟ.ᱨ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟ. : ᱫᱤᱯᱚᱠ ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱚ

ᱟ.ᱨᱤᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱚᱫᱽ

  • ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱰᱣᱟ : ᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ
  • ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱢᱟᱰᱣᱟ ᱺ ᱞᱳᱠ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱ ᱴᱷᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ

  1. ᱜᱷᱳᱥᱬᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱑᱕ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱔᱗
  2. ᱟ.ᱯᱱᱟ.ᱛ : ᱒᱖ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ

  1. ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
  2. ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
  3. ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ
  4. ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ
  5. ᱵᱮᱝᱜᱟᱞᱩᱨᱩ
  6. ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ
  7. ᱨᱟᱺᱪᱤ
  8. ᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨ
  9. ᱞᱚᱠᱱᱚᱣ
  10. ᱠᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ
  11. ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱣᱟᱱᱟᱛᱯᱩᱨᱟᱢ
  12. ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ
  13. ᱚᱦᱚᱢᱫᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ
  14. ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱦᱟᱛᱤ
  15. ᱟᱢᱨᱤᱛᱥᱟᱨ
  16. ᱡᱚᱭᱯᱩᱨ

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱓᱐ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱽᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ (Union Territory) ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱽᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱚᱱᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ (ᱠᱤᱢᱤ.) ᱦᱚᱲᱼᱮᱞ[᱑᱕] ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱡᱤᱞᱞᱟᱹ ᱮᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱪᱤ ᱧᱮᱛᱮᱞ
ᱚᱨᱩᱱᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱤᱴᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱘᱓,᱗᱔᱓ ᱑᱓,᱘᱒,᱗᱑᱑ ᱖᱖.᱙᱕% ᱑᱗
ᱟᱥᱟᱢ ᱫᱤᱥᱯᱩᱨ ᱗᱘,᱕᱕᱐ ᱓᱑,᱑᱗᱙,᱒᱗᱒ ᱗᱒.᱑᱙% ᱒᱓ ᱑᱔
ᱟᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱒,᱗᱕,᱐᱔᱕ ᱘,᱔᱗,᱗᱕,᱕᱓᱓ ᱖᱗.᱔᱑% ᱒᱓ ᱒᱕
ᱩᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱞᱚᱠᱱᱚᱣ ᱒,᱔᱓,᱒᱙᱗ ᱑᱙,᱙᱕,᱘᱑,᱔᱗᱗ ᱖᱙.᱗᱒% ᱗᱒ ᱘᱐
ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱰᱮᱦᱨᱟᱰᱩᱱ ᱕᱓,᱕᱗᱗ ᱑,᱐᱑,᱑᱗,᱗᱕᱒ ᱗᱙.᱖᱓% ᱑᱓
ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱵᱽᱱᱮᱥᱚᱨ ᱑,᱕᱕,᱘᱒᱐ ᱔,᱑᱙,᱔᱗,᱓᱕᱘ ᱗᱓.᱔᱕ % ᱓᱐ ᱒᱑
ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ ᱵᱮᱝᱜᱟᱞᱩᱨᱩ ᱑,᱙᱑,᱗᱙᱑ ᱗,᱑᱑,᱓᱐,᱗᱐᱔ ᱗᱕.᱖᱐% ᱓᱐ ᱒᱘
ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱲ ᱛᱨᱤᱵᱮᱱᱫᱨᱚᱢ ᱓᱘,᱘᱗᱓ ᱓,᱓᱓,᱘᱗,᱗᱗᱗ ᱙᱓.᱙᱑% ᱑᱔ ᱒᱐
ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱴ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱑,᱙᱗,᱐᱒᱔ ᱗,᱐᱓,᱘᱓,᱗᱒᱘ ᱗᱙.᱓᱑% ᱒᱕ ᱒᱗
ᱜᱳᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱬᱟᱡᱤ ᱓,᱗᱐᱒ ᱑᱔,᱕᱗,᱗᱒᱓ ᱘᱗.᱔᱐% ᱐᱒
ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱟᱭᱯᱩᱨ ᱑,᱓᱕,᱑᱙᱔ ᱒,᱕᱕,᱔᱐,᱑᱙᱗ ᱗᱑.᱐᱔% ᱑᱗ ᱑᱑
ᱡᱟ.ᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟ.ᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ, ᱡᱚᱢᱢᱩ ᱒,᱒᱒,᱒᱓᱗ ᱑,᱒᱕,᱔᱘,᱙᱒᱗ ᱖᱘.᱗᱔% ᱑᱔
ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱟᱧᱪᱤ ᱗᱙,᱗᱑᱔ ᱓,᱒᱙,᱘᱘,᱑᱓᱔ ᱖᱗.᱐᱖% ᱒᱔ ᱑᱔
ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ ᱑,᱓᱐,᱐᱕᱘ ᱗,᱒᱑,᱓᱘,᱙᱕᱘ ᱘᱐.᱓᱓% ᱓᱐ ᱓᱙
ᱛᱮᱞᱮᱝᱜᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱓᱕,᱒᱘᱗,᱗᱕᱗ ᱑᱑᱔,᱘᱔᱐ ᱖᱖.᱕% ᱐᱔ ᱑᱗
ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱚᱜᱚᱨᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱑᱐,᱔᱙᱑.᱗᱙ ᱓᱗,᱗᱑,᱐᱓᱒ ᱘᱗.᱗᱕% ᱐᱔
ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱠᱚᱦᱤᱢᱟ ᱑᱗,᱕᱗᱙ ᱑᱙,᱘᱐,᱗᱐᱒ ᱘᱐.᱑᱑% ᱑᱑
ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱕᱐,᱓᱗᱒ ᱒,᱗᱗,᱐᱔,᱒᱓᱗ ᱗᱖.᱖᱘% ᱑᱗ ᱑᱓
ᱯᱩᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱘᱘,᱗᱕᱒ ᱙,᱑᱓,᱔᱗,᱗᱓᱗ ᱗᱗.᱐᱘% ᱑᱘ ᱔᱒
ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ ᱙᱙,᱒᱐᱐ ᱑᱐,᱓᱘,᱐᱔,᱗᱓᱗ ᱖᱓.᱘᱒% ᱓᱗ ᱔᱐
ᱢᱟᱱᱤᱯᱩᱨ ᱤᱢᱯᱷᱟᱞ ᱒᱒,᱓᱔᱗ ᱒᱗,᱒᱑,᱗᱕᱗ ᱗᱙.᱘᱕% ᱐᱙
ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱷᱚᱯᱟᱲ ᱓,᱐᱘,᱒᱕᱒ ᱗,᱒᱕,᱙᱗,᱕᱗᱕ ᱗᱐.᱖᱓% ᱔᱕ ᱒᱙
ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ ᱓,᱐᱗,᱗᱑᱓ ᱑᱑,᱒᱓,᱗᱒,᱙᱗᱒ ᱘᱒.᱙᱑% ᱓᱕ ᱔᱘
ᱢᱤᱡᱚᱨᱟᱢ ᱟᱭᱡᱚᱞ ᱒᱑,᱐᱘᱑ ᱑᱐,᱙᱑,᱐᱑᱔ ᱙᱑.᱕᱘% ᱐᱘
ᱢᱮᱜᱷᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱥᱤᱞᱚᱝ ᱒᱒,᱗᱒᱐ ᱒᱙,᱗᱔,᱐᱐᱗ ᱗᱕.᱔᱘% ᱐᱗
ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱭᱯᱩᱨ ᱓,᱔᱒,᱒᱗᱙ ᱗,᱘᱗,᱒᱑,᱐᱑᱒ ᱖᱗.᱐᱖% ᱓᱒ ᱒᱕
ᱥᱤᱠᱠᱤᱢ ᱜᱟᱝᱴᱚᱠ ᱗,᱐᱙᱗ ᱗,᱐᱗,᱗᱘᱘ ᱘᱒.᱒᱐% ᱐᱔
ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱔᱔,᱒᱑᱒ ᱒,᱕᱓,᱕᱓,᱐᱘᱑ ᱗᱖.᱖᱔% ᱒᱑ ᱑᱐
ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱤᱢᱞᱟ ᱕᱕,᱗᱗᱓ ᱗᱘,᱕᱗,᱕᱐᱙ ᱘᱓.᱗᱘% ᱑᱒

ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ[ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ (ᱠᱤᱢᱤ) ᱦᱚᱲᱼᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱧᱛᱮᱞ
ᱟᱱᱰᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱠᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱯᱚᱨᱴ ᱵᱞᱮᱭᱚᱨ ᱘,᱒᱔᱙ ᱓,᱘᱐,᱕᱘᱑ ᱘᱖.᱒᱗%
ᱰᱟᱢᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱤᱣ ᱰᱟᱢᱚᱱ ᱑᱑᱒ ᱒,᱔᱓,᱒᱔᱗ ᱘᱗.᱗%
ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱑᱑᱔ ᱑᱐,᱕᱕᱔᱕᱐ ᱘᱖.᱓᱔%
ᱫᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱟᱵᱮᱞᱤ ᱥᱤᱞᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟ ᱔᱙᱑ ᱓,᱔᱓,᱗᱐᱙ ᱗᱗.᱖᱕%
ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱑,᱔᱙᱐ ᱑,᱖᱗,᱘᱗,᱙᱔᱑ ᱘᱖.᱔᱓%
ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱱᱰᱤ ᱪᱮᱨᱤ (ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ) ᱔᱙᱒ ᱑᱒,᱔᱗,᱙᱔᱗ ᱘᱖.᱕᱕%
ᱞᱟᱠᱷᱭᱟᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱚᱵᱚᱨᱚᱛᱤ ᱓᱒ ᱖᱔,᱔᱗᱓ ᱙᱑.᱒᱘%

ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

2011 census[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑,᱒᱑᱐,᱑᱙᱓,᱔᱒᱒

ᱢᱩᱴ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱺ$᱔.᱖᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ
ᱵᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱟ   :$᱓,᱓᱙᱙

ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟ.ᱣ ᱩᱫᱩᱜᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱐.᱕᱑᱙

ᱠᱟ.ᱣᱰᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

₹ INR

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱩ ᱥᱚᱥᱱᱚᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱫ ᱟ.ᱰᱤ ᱟᱠᱚᱨᱥᱚᱬ ᱛᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱟ.ᱨᱤᱪᱟ.ᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱟ.ᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱩᱯᱚ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱟ.ᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱨᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱤᱸᱫᱩ,ᱡᱚᱭᱱᱚ, ᱵᱳᱣᱫᱷᱚ, ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱟ.ᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾᱖ᱡᱤ. ᱡᱟ. ᱡᱤᱣᱩ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱵᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤ, ᱢᱩᱥᱚᱞᱢᱟᱱ, ᱟᱨ ᱠᱤᱨᱚᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟᱸᱱ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾᱑᱘ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱵᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱸᱨᱮᱡ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱟᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟ.ᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟ.ᱰᱷᱟ.ᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱕ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱟᱞᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟ.ᱞ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱟᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ "National Symbols | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Archived from the original on 4 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017. Retrieved 1 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017. The National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. 
  2. Wolpert 2003, p. 1.
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ National Informatics Centre 2005.
  4. Ministry of Home Affairs 1960.
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ "Profile | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Archived from the original on 30 ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013. Retrieved 23 ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013. 
  6. "Constitutional Provisions – Official Language Related Part-17 of the Constitution of India". National Informatics Centre (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 8 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016. Retrieved 1 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  7. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2016. Retrieved 26 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014. 
  8. Khan, Saeed (25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010). "There's no national language in India: Gujarat High Court". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2014. Retrieved 5 ᱢᱮ 2014. 
  9. "Learning with the Times: India doesn't have any'national language'". Archived from the original on 10 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  10. Press Trust of India (25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010). "Hindi, not a national language: Court". The Hindu. Ahmedabad. Archived from the original on 4 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014. Retrieved 23 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014. 
  11. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
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  14. ᱑᱔.᱐ ᱑᱔.᱑ ᱑᱔.᱒ ᱑᱔.᱓ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018 – Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund (IMF). Archived from the original on 31 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2018. Retrieved 9 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2018. 
  15. Provisional Population Totals of India (2011)

ᱱᱚᱴᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "[...] Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations in the words as the Government may authorise as occasion arises; and the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it." (Constituent Assembly of India 1950).
  2. ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union. ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ is an additional official language for government work alongside Hindi.[᱔][᱓][᱕] States and union territories can have a different official language of their own other than Hindi or English.
  3. "The country's exact size is subject to debate because some borders are disputed. The Indian government lists the total area as 3,287,260 km2 (1,269,220 sq mi) and the total land area as 3,060,500 km2 (1,181,700 sq mi); the United Nations lists the total area as 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) and total land area as 2,973,190 km2 (1,147,960 sq mi)." (Library of Congress 2004).

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]