ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
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ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ (Republic of India)
ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟᱛ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚ Bhārat Gaṇarājya
Horizontal tricolor flag bearing, from top to bottom, deep saffron, white, and green horizontal bands. In the centre of the white band is a navy-blue wheel with 24 spokes. Three lions facing left, right, and toward viewer, atop a frieze containing a galloping horse, a 24-spoke wheel, and an elephant. Underneath is a motto: "सत्यमेव जयते".
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : "Satyameva Jayate" (Sanskrit)
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧ"ᱡᱚᱱᱚ ᱜᱚᱱᱚ ᱢᱚᱱᱚ"[᱑][᱒]
"Thou Art the Ruler of the Minds of All People"[᱓][᱑]

National song
"Vande Mataram" (Sanskrit)
"I Bow to Thee, Mother"[lower-alpha ᱑][᱔][᱑]
Image of a globe centred on India, with India highlighted.
Area controlled by India shown in dark green;
regions claimed but not controlled shown in light green.
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
18°58′30″N 72°49′40″E / 18.97500°N 72.82778°E / 18.97500; 72.82778
ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ None[᱙][᱑᱐] [᱑᱑]
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟ
Membership UN, WTO, BRICS, SAARC, SCO, G8+5, G20, Commonwealth of Nations
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Federal parliamentary republic
 -  ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱨᱟᱢ ᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱠᱚᱵᱤᱱᱫᱚ
 -  ᱡᱚᱜᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱚᱢᱠᱮ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱠᱟᱭᱟ ᱱᱟᱭᱰᱩ
 -  ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ ᱱᱚᱨᱮᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱢᱚᱫᱤ
 -  Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi
 -  Speaker of the Lok Sabha ᱥᱩᱢᱤᱛᱨᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱡᱚᱱ
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Parliament
 -  ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ
 -  ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ
Independence from the United Kingdom 
 -  Dominion ᱑᱕ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ 
 -  ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱒᱖ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ ᱑᱙᱕᱐ 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱓,᱒᱘᱗,᱒᱖᱓[᱖] km2 [lower-alpha ᱓](᱗ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
᱑,᱒᱖᱙,᱓᱔᱖  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) 9.6
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2016 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ increase1,324,171,354[᱑᱒] (᱒ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
 -  ᱒᱐᱑᱑ census 1,210,854,977[᱑᱓][᱑᱔] (᱒ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
 -  ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ ᱔᱑᱒.᱘/ᱠᱤᱹᱢᱤᱹ (31st)
᱑,᱐᱖᱙.᱑/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱹ
ᱡᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱯᱤ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) ᱒᱐᱑᱘ ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ $10.401 trillion[᱑᱕] (᱓ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $7,795[᱑᱕] (116th)
ᱡᱤ.ᱰᱤ.ᱯᱤ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) ᱒᱐᱑᱘ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ $2.690 trillion[᱑᱕] (᱖ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $2,016[᱑᱕] (᱑᱓᱓ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (᱒᱐᱑᱓) 33.9 (᱗᱙ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ)
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2017) 0.640 (130th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Indian rupee (Indian rupee sign - ₹) (INR)
ᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱟᱤ.ᱮᱥ.ᱴᱤ (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+᱐᱕:᱓᱐)
DST is not observed
ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ dd-mm-yyyy
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ left
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .in
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +᱙᱑
1 ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱵᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱟᱵᱚᱱ ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱦᱴᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱷᱮᱛᱨᱚ ᱯᱷᱚᱲ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱭᱟᱭᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ (Republic of India)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱗ ᱟᱱᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱯᱨᱩᱢ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱷᱟᱹᱞ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱤᱞᱤᱧ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱦᱮᱢᱟᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱸᱜᱚᱞ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱱᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱚᱛᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱘ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱘ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛ ᱤᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱲᱥᱟᱹ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ, ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱢᱟᱨ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ, ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱸᱠᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Emblem of India

ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟ : ᱥᱚᱛᱭᱚᱢᱮᱵᱚ ᱡᱚᱭᱚᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱜ ᱡᱤᱛᱠᱟᱹᱨᱚᱜ ᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱨᱮᱧ : ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱜᱚᱬᱚ ᱢᱚᱱᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱚᱦᱚᱬᱮ: ᱵᱚᱸᱫᱮ ᱢᱟᱛᱚᱨᱚᱢ (ᱤᱧ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱪᱩᱢᱟᱲᱟ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ )

Indiaᱜᱟᱰᱷ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ : ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱛ; ᱱᱟᱥᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱭᱟᱹᱲ : ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱣᱟᱹ ᱟᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱥᱮᱛᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱚᱛ (orthographic projection)

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ : ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ [77°12.5′E / 28.6133°N 77.2083°E]
  • ᱥᱮᱬᱟ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ : ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
  • ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ : ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ, ᱤᱸᱜᱽᱞᱤᱥ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞᱚᱜᱼᱟ
  • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ : ᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱯ

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱥᱛᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱾

  1. ᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ
  2. ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ
  3. ᱟᱥᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟ
  4. ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
  5. ᱵᱳᱰᱳ
  6. ᱰᱳᱜᱽᱨᱤ
  7. ᱜᱩᱡᱩᱨᱟᱴᱤ
  8. ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ
  9. ᱠᱚᱱᱱᱚᱰᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
  10. ᱠᱳᱱᱠᱟᱱᱤ
  11. ᱢᱮᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱤ
  12. ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱭᱟᱞᱚᱢ
  13. ᱢᱚᱬᱤᱯᱩᱨᱤ
  14. ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ
  15. ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ
  16. ᱯᱚᱸᱡᱟᱵᱤ
  17. ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ
  18. ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱤ
  19. ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞ
  20. ᱛᱮᱞᱜᱩ
  21. ᱩᱨᱫᱩ
  22. ᱠᱟᱥᱢᱤᱨᱤ



  • ᱡᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ : ᱦᱚᱠᱤᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱠᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ
  • ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ: ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ

ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱚᱫᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ, ᱦᱚᱠᱤᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ

  • ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱛ: ᱨᱟᱢᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱠᱳᱵᱤᱸᱫᱽ
  • ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱢᱚᱱᱛᱨᱤ : ᱱᱚᱨᱮᱱᱫᱨᱚ ᱢᱳᱫᱤ
  • ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ:ᱥᱩᱢᱤᱛᱨᱟ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱡᱚᱱ
  • ᱵᱤᱪᱟᱹᱨ ᱢᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ: ᱫᱤᱯᱚᱠ ᱢᱤᱥᱨᱚ

ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱚᱫᱽ

  • ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱰᱣᱟ : ᱨᱟᱡᱭᱚ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ
  • ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱢᱟᱰᱣᱟ : ᱞᱳᱠ ᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ

ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱮᱱ ᱴᱷᱮᱫ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ

  1. ᱜᱷᱳᱥᱬᱟ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱑᱕ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱔᱗
  2. ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ: ᱒᱖ ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ

  1. ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ
  2. ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ
  3. ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ
  4. ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ
  5. ᱵᱮᱝᱜᱟᱞᱩᱨᱩ
  6. ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱽᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ
  7. ᱨᱟᱺᱪᱤ
  8. ᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨ
  9. ᱞᱚᱠᱷᱱᱚᱣ
  10. ᱠᱟᱱᱯᱩᱨ
  11. ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱣᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱯᱩᱨᱚᱢ
  12. ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ
  13. ᱚᱦᱢᱚᱫᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ
  14. ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱦᱟᱴᱤ
  15. ᱟᱢᱨᱤᱛᱥᱚᱨ
  16. ᱡᱚᱭᱯᱩᱨ

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱘ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱽᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ (Union Territory) ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ (ᱠᱤᱢᱤ.) ᱦᱚᱲ-ᱮᱞ[᱑᱖] ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱡᱤᱞᱞᱟᱹ ᱮᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚᱨᱵᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱹᱪᱤ ᱧᱮᱛᱮᱞ
ᱚᱨᱩᱱᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱤᱴᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱘᱓,᱗᱔᱓ ᱑᱓,᱘᱒,᱗᱑᱑ ᱖᱖.᱙᱕% ᱑᱗
ᱟᱥᱟᱢ ᱫᱤᱥᱯᱩᱨ ᱗᱘,᱕᱕᱐ ᱓᱑,᱑᱗᱙,᱒᱗᱒ ᱗᱒.᱑᱙% ᱒᱓ ᱑᱔
ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱽᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱑,᱖᱒,᱙᱖᱘ ᱔᱙,᱕᱗᱗,᱑᱐᱓ ᱖᱗.᱔᱑% ᱒᱓ ᱒᱕
ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱞᱚᱠᱷᱱᱚᱣ ᱒,᱔᱓,᱒᱙᱗ ᱑᱙,᱙᱕,᱘᱑,᱔᱗᱗ ᱖᱙.᱗᱒% ᱗᱒ ᱘᱐
ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱰᱮᱦᱨᱟᱰᱩᱱ ᱕᱓,᱕᱗᱗ ᱑,᱐᱑,᱑᱗,᱗᱕᱒ ᱗᱙.᱖᱓% ᱑᱓
ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱵᱷᱩᱵᱽᱱᱮᱥᱚᱨ ᱑,᱕᱕,᱘᱒᱐ ᱔,᱑᱙,᱔᱗,᱓᱕᱘ ᱗᱓.᱔᱕ % ᱓᱐ ᱒᱑
ᱠᱚᱨᱱᱟᱴᱚᱠ ᱵᱮᱝᱜᱟᱞᱩᱨᱩ ᱑,᱙᱑,᱗᱙᱑ ᱗,᱑᱑,᱓᱐,᱗᱐᱔ ᱗᱕.᱖᱐% ᱓᱐ ᱒᱘
ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱲ ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱣᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱯᱩᱨᱚᱢ ᱓᱘,᱘᱗᱓ ᱓,᱓᱓,᱘᱗,᱗᱗᱗ ᱙᱓.᱙᱑% ᱑᱔ ᱒᱐
ᱜᱩᱡᱽᱨᱟᱴ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱑,᱙᱗,᱐᱒᱔ ᱗,᱐᱓,᱘᱓,᱗᱒᱘ ᱗᱙.᱓᱑% ᱒᱕ ᱒᱗
ᱜᱳᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱬᱟᱡᱤ ᱓,᱗᱐᱒ ᱑᱔,᱕᱗,᱗᱒᱓ ᱘᱗.᱔᱐% ᱐᱒
ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱟᱭᱯᱩᱨ ᱑,᱓᱕,᱑᱙᱔ ᱒,᱕᱕,᱔᱐,᱑᱙᱗ ᱗᱑.᱐᱔% ᱑᱗ ᱑᱑
ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱟᱧᱪᱤ ᱗᱙,᱗᱑᱔ ᱓,᱒᱙,᱘᱘,᱑᱓᱔ ᱖᱗.᱐᱖% ᱒᱔ ᱑᱔
ᱛᱟᱢᱤᱞᱱᱟᱰᱩ ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ ᱑,᱓᱐,᱐᱕᱘ ᱗,᱒᱑,᱓᱘,᱙᱕᱘ ᱘᱐.᱓᱓% ᱓᱐ ᱓᱙
ᱛᱮᱞᱮᱝᱜᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱟᱭᱫᱽᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱑᱑᱔,᱘᱔᱐ ᱓᱕,᱒᱘᱗,᱗᱕᱗ ᱖᱖.᱕% ᱐᱔ ᱑᱗
ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱚᱜᱚᱨᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱑᱐,᱔᱙᱑.᱗᱙ ᱓᱗,᱗᱑,᱐᱓᱒ ᱘᱗.᱗᱕% ᱐᱔
ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱠᱚᱦᱤᱢᱟ ᱑᱗,᱕᱗᱙ ᱑᱙,᱘᱐,᱗᱐᱒ ᱘᱐.᱑᱑% ᱑᱑
ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱕᱐,᱓᱗᱒ ᱒,᱗᱗,᱐᱔,᱒᱓᱗ ᱗᱖.᱖᱘% ᱑᱗ ᱑᱓
ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ ᱘᱘,᱗᱕᱒ ᱙,᱑᱓,᱔᱗,᱗᱓᱗ ᱗᱗.᱐᱘% ᱑᱘ ᱔᱒
ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ ᱙᱙,᱒᱐᱐ ᱑᱐,᱓᱘,᱐᱔,᱗᱓᱗ ᱖᱓.᱘᱒% ᱓᱗ ᱔᱐
ᱢᱟᱱᱤᱯᱩᱨ ᱤᱢᱯᱷᱟᱞ ᱒᱒,᱓᱔᱗ ᱒᱗,᱒᱑,᱗᱕᱗ ᱗᱙.᱘᱕% ᱐᱙
ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱵᱷᱚᱯᱟᱲ ᱓,᱐᱘,᱒᱕᱒ ᱗,᱒᱕,᱙᱗,᱕᱗᱕ ᱗᱐.᱖᱓% ᱔᱕ ᱒᱙
ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ ᱓,᱐᱗,᱗᱑᱓ ᱑᱑,᱒᱓,᱗᱒,᱙᱗᱒ ᱘᱒.᱙᱑% ᱓᱕ ᱔᱘
ᱢᱤᱡᱚᱨᱟᱢ ᱟᱭᱡᱚᱞ ᱒᱑,᱐᱘᱑ ᱑᱐,᱙᱑,᱐᱑᱔ ᱙᱑.᱕᱘% ᱐᱘
ᱢᱮᱜᱷᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱥᱤᱞᱚᱝ ᱒᱒,᱗᱒᱐ ᱒᱙,᱗᱔,᱐᱐᱗ ᱗᱕.᱔᱘% ᱐᱗
ᱨᱟᱡᱚᱥᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱡᱚᱭᱯᱩᱨ ᱓,᱔᱒,᱒᱗᱙ ᱗,᱘᱗,᱒᱑,᱐᱑᱒ ᱖᱗.᱐᱖% ᱓᱒ ᱒᱕
ᱥᱤᱠᱠᱤᱢ ᱜᱟᱝᱴᱚᱠ ᱗,᱐᱙᱗ ᱗,᱐᱗,᱗᱘᱘ ᱘᱒.᱒᱐% ᱐᱔
ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱭᱟᱬᱟ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱔᱔,᱒᱑᱒ ᱒,᱕᱓,᱕᱓,᱐᱘᱑ ᱗᱖.᱖᱔% ᱒᱑ ᱑᱐
ᱦᱤᱢᱟᱪᱚᱞ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱤᱢᱞᱟ ᱕᱕,᱗᱗᱓ ᱗᱘,᱕᱗,᱕᱐᱙ ᱘᱓.᱗᱘% ᱑᱒

ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ[ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ (ᱠᱤᱢᱤ) ᱦᱚᱲ-ᱮᱞ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱧᱛᱮᱞ
ᱟᱱᱰᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱠᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱯᱩᱧᱡᱤᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱯᱚᱨᱴ ᱵᱞᱮᱭᱚᱨ ᱘,᱒᱔᱙ ᱓,᱘᱐,᱕᱘᱑ ᱘᱖.᱒᱗%
ᱰᱟᱢᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱤᱣ ᱰᱟᱢᱚᱱ ᱑᱑᱒ ᱒,᱔᱓,᱒᱔᱗ ᱘᱗.᱗%
ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱑᱑᱔ ᱑᱐,᱕᱕᱔᱕᱐ ᱘᱖.᱓᱔%
ᱫᱟᱫᱽᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱟᱵᱮᱞᱤ ᱥᱤᱞᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟ ᱔᱙᱑ ᱓,᱔᱓,᱗᱐᱙ ᱗᱗.᱖᱕%
ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱑,᱔᱙᱐ ᱑,᱖᱗,᱘᱗,᱙᱔᱑ ᱘᱖.᱔᱓%
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ, ᱡᱚᱢᱢᱩ ᱕᱕,᱕᱓᱘ ᱑,᱒᱒,᱕᱘,᱔᱓᱓ ᱖᱘.᱗᱔%
ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱞᱮᱦ, ᱠᱟᱨᱜᱤᱞ ᱑,᱗᱔,᱘᱕᱒ ᱒᱙᱐,᱔᱙᱒ ᱖᱒%
ᱯᱩᱰᱩᱪᱮᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱱᱰᱤ ᱪᱮᱨᱤ (ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ) ᱔᱙᱒ ᱑᱒,᱔᱗,᱙᱔᱗ ᱘᱖.᱕᱕%
ᱞᱟᱠᱷᱭᱟᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱚᱵᱚᱨᱚᱛᱤ ᱓᱒ ᱖᱔,᱔᱗᱓ ᱙᱑.᱒᱘%

ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑,᱒᱑᱐,᱑᱙᱓,᱔᱒᱒

ᱢᱩᱴ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ : $᱔.᱖᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ
ᱵᱚᱦᱚᱜ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱟ   : $᱓,᱓᱙᱙

ᱢᱟᱱᱣᱟ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱫᱩᱜᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱐.᱕᱑᱙

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

₹ INR

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷᱩ ᱥᱚᱥᱱᱚᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱷᱱᱟᱣ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱠᱚᱨᱥᱚᱬ ᱛᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱩᱯᱚ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱨᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱦᱤᱸᱫᱩ, ᱡᱚᱭᱱᱚ, ᱵᱳᱣᱫᱷᱚ, ᱥᱤᱠᱷ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱟᱹᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱖ᱡᱤ. ᱡᱟᱹ ᱡᱤᱣᱩ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱵᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱢᱩᱥᱚᱞᱢᱟᱱ, ᱟᱨ ᱠᱤᱨᱚᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟᱸᱱ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱘ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱚᱛᱟᱵᱫᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱸᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱟᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱰᱷᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱕ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱟᱞᱨᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱯᱷᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ "National Symbols | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Archived from the original on 4 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2017. Retrieved 1 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017. The National Anthem of India Jana Gana Mana, composed originally in Bengali by Rabindranath Tagore, was adopted in its Hindi version by the Constituent Assembly as the National Anthem of India on 24 January 1950. 
  2. "National anthem of India: a brief on 'Jana Gana Mana'". News18. Archived from the original on 17 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2019. Retrieved 7 ᱡᱩᱱ 2019. 
  3. Wolpert 2003, p. 1.
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ National Informatics Centre 2005.
  5. Ministry of Home Affairs 1960.
  6. ᱖.᱐ ᱖.᱑ "Profile | National Portal of India". India.gov.in. Archived from the original on 30 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013. Retrieved 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2013. 
  7. "Constitutional Provisions – Official Language Related Part-17 of the Constitution of India". National Informatics Centre (in Hindi). Archived from the original on 8 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016. Retrieved 1 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  8. "Report of the Commissioner for linguistic minorities: 50th report (July 2012 to June 2013)" (PDF). Commissioner for Linguistic Minorities, Ministry of Minority Affairs, Government of India. Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2016. Retrieved 26 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014. 
  9. Khan, Saeed (25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010). "There's no national language in India: Gujarat High Court". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 18 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2014. Retrieved 5 ᱢᱮ 2014. 
  10. "Learning with the Times: India doesn't have any'national language'". Archived from the original on 10 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  11. Press Trust of India (25 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2010). "Hindi, not a national language: Court". The Hindu. Ahmedabad. Archived from the original on 4 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014. Retrieved 23 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014. 
  12. "World Population Prospects: The 2017 Revision". ESA.UN.org (custom data acquired via website). United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. Retrieved 10 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2017. 
  13. "Population Enumeration Data (Final Population)". Census of India. Archived from the original on 22 ᱢᱮ 2016. Retrieved 17 ᱡᱩᱱ 2016. 
  14. "A – 2 Decadal Variation in Population Since 1901" (PDF). Census of India. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2016. Retrieved 17 ᱡᱩᱱ 2016. 
  15. ᱑᱕.᱐ ᱑᱕.᱑ ᱑᱕.᱒ ᱑᱕.᱓ "World Economic Outlook Database, April 2018 – Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund (IMF). Archived from the original on 31 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2018. Retrieved 9 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2018. 
  16. Provisional Population Totals of India (2011)

ᱱᱚᱴᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "[...] Jana Gana Mana is the National Anthem of India, subject to such alterations in the words as the Government may authorise as occasion arises; and the song Vande Mataram, which has played a historic part in the struggle for Indian freedom, shall be honoured equally with Jana Gana Mana and shall have equal status with it." (Constituent Assembly of India 1950).
  2. ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ in the Devanagari script is the official language of the Union. ᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ is an additional official language for government work alongside Hindi.[᱕][᱔][᱖] States and union territories can have a different official language of their own other than Hindi or English.
  3. "The country's exact size is subject to debate because some borders are disputed. The Indian government lists the total area as 3,287,260 km2 (1,269,220 sq mi) and the total land area as 3,060,500 km2 (1,181,700 sq mi); the United Nations lists the total area as 3,287,263 km2 (1,269,219 sq mi) and total land area as 2,973,190 km2 (1,147,960 sq mi)." (Library of Congress 2004).

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]