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ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱤᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱮᱥᱟᱨ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ 70,560,000 ᱫᱚᱦᱲᱟ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱜᱟᱭ ᱟᱢᱮᱴ ᱟᱠᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ 20% ᱫᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱟᱱᱴᱟᱨᱠᱚᱴᱤᱠᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱑] ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱨᱟᱦᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱜᱟᱹᱦᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱓,᱘᱙᱐ ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱑᱒,᱗᱖᱒ ᱯᱷᱩᱴ) ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱹᱦᱤᱨ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱫᱤᱭᱟᱢᱟᱱᱛᱤᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱹᱦᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱘,᱐᱔᱗ ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱒᱖,᱔᱐᱑ ᱯᱷᱩᱴ) ᱾

ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ

[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ- ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ, ᱢᱟᱫᱟᱜᱟᱥᱠᱚᱨ, ᱢᱟᱞᱫᱤᱯ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ- ᱟᱱᱰᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱚᱞ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱤᱱ ᱩᱯᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱠᱚᱪᱷ ᱩᱯᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱩᱯᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱠᱚᱪᱤ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ, ᱠᱮᱨᱚᱞᱟ
ᱪᱤᱴᱟᱜᱚᱝ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ
ᱵᱤᱥᱟᱠᱷᱟᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟᱢ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱽ ᱜᱷᱟᱴ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ- ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ, ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ, ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ, ᱠᱚᱪᱤ, ᱵᱤᱥᱟᱠᱷᱟᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟᱢ, ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱫᱤᱯ, ᱯᱚᱨᱴ ᱵᱞᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ; ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱴᱟᱜᱚᱝ; ᱥᱨᱤᱞᱚᱝᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱞᱚᱢᱵᱚ, ᱦᱟᱢᱵᱟᱱᱴᱚᱴᱟ, ᱜᱟᱞᱮ; ᱤᱨᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱟᱵᱟᱦᱟᱨ; ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱨᱟᱪᱤ, ᱥᱤᱱᱫᱷ, ᱜᱣᱟᱫᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱞᱩᱪᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ; ᱭᱮᱢᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱰᱮᱱ; ᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱥᱠᱟᱛ; ᱵᱚᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱭᱟᱝᱫᱩᱱ; ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱠᱚᱨᱛᱟ, ᱢᱮᱫᱟᱱ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ

[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Commons+cat

  • "The Indian Ocean in World History" (Flash). Sultan Qaboos Cultural Center. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  • "The Indian Ocean Trade: A Classroom Simulation" (PDF). African Studies Center, Boston University. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
  • Wikisource "Indian Ocean" . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). 1911. {{cite encyclopedia}}: Cite has empty unknown parameters: |HIDE_PARAMETER13=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14c=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14ab=, |HIDE_PARAMETER3=, |HIDE_PARAMETER1=, |HIDE_PARAMETER4=, |HIDE_PARAMETER2=, |separator=, |HIDE_PARAMETER8=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14bb=, |HIDE_PARAMETER20=, |HIDE_PARAMETER5=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14b=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14cb=, |HIDE_PARAMETER14a=, |HIDE_PARAMETER10=, |HIDE_PARAMETER9=, |HIDE_PARAMETER15chapter=, |HIDE_PARAMETER6=, |HIDE_PARAMETER7=, |HIDE_PARAMETER11=, and |HIDE_PARAMETER12= (help)

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱜᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ