ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ
Kikongo
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ Ancient Kingdom of Kongo prior to the creation of Angola by the Portuguese Crown in 1575 and the Berlin Conference (1884-1885) that balkanized the rest of the Kingdom of Kongo into three territories that are now parts of the DRC (Kongo Central and Bandundu), Angola, the Republic of the Congo and Gabon.
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ "ᱵᱤᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ" (pl) ᱟᱨ "ᱢᱣᱤᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ" (sing) prior to the Berlin Conference and then "Bakongo" (pl) and "Mukongo" (sing) after that; thus we have Bakongo from Angola, the DRC, the Republic of the Congo and Gabon.
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ ᱖.᱕ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱑᱙᱘᱒ᱼ᱒᱐᱑᱒)[᱑]
᱕ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ L2 ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ DRC ᱨᱮ (ᱦᱩᱭ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱠᱤᱛᱩᱵᱟ)
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ, ᱢᱟᱱᱰᱳᱢᱵᱮ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱼᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ:
 ᱮᱝᱜᱳᱞᱟ


ᱵᱮᱼᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱼᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ:
 ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱᱛᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ
 ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 kg
ISO 639-2 kon
ISO 639-3 kon – inclusive code
Individual codes:
kng – Koongo
ldi – Laari
kwy – San Salvador Kongo (South)
yom – Yombe
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ core1256  Core Kikongo; incl. Kituba & ex-Kongo varieties[᱒]
yomb1244  Yombe[᱓]
H.14–16[᱔]
LanguageMap-Kikongo-Kituba.png
Map of the area where Kongo and Kituba as the lingua franca are spoken.
ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱢᱩᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ, ᱢᱣᱤᱥᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ
ᱦᱚᱲ ᱵᱟᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ, ᱵᱤᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ, ᱵᱮᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ, ᱮᱥᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ

ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱥᱮ ᱠᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱱᱴᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱴᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱᱛᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ,ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ, ᱮᱝᱜᱳᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱮᱵᱚᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱟᱥ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱟᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱗᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱒᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱪᱷᱮᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱪᱮᱫᱚᱜ ᱥᱟᱯᱟᱵᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟ.ᱠᱷᱭᱟ.ᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱠᱤᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Koongo at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Laari at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    San Salvador Kongo (South) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Yombe at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Core Kikongo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Yombe". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online