ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱮᱢᱟᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱨᱜᱮᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾[᱑]

ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑᱓,᱒᱙᱗ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ² ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱔᱒,᱒᱔᱑ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ² ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾[᱒]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Princely state of Kashmir[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱮᱨᱟᱢᱟᱭᱩᱱᱴᱥᱤ (paramountcy) ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱛᱮᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱟᱵᱟᱨ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱪᱮᱫᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱺ

  • ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱺ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ/ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ, ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ, ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ
  • ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱤᱨ ᱺ ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ, ᱪᱮᱱᱟᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱫᱮᱨᱣᱟᱦ
  • ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱺ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ, ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ᱾
  • ᱯᱷᱚᱱᱴᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱺ
  • ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱺ ᱞᱮᱦ, ᱠᱟᱨᱜᱤᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱠᱟᱨᱫᱩ᱾
  • ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱺ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱥᱛᱳᱨ᱾
  • ᱯᱷᱚᱱᱴᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱯᱩᱱᱤᱟᱞ, ᱤᱥᱠᱳᱢᱟᱱ, ᱭᱟᱥᱤᱱ, ᱠᱩᱦ ᱜᱷᱤᱡᱟᱨ, ᱦᱩᱱᱡᱟ, ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱞᱟᱥ᱾

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱚᱱᱴᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱪᱚᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱮ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱮᱡᱮᱱᱥᱤ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱛᱮ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱨᱤᱴᱤᱥ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱮᱡ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ (princely state) ᱴᱷᱮᱱ ᱮ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ᱾

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱱᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱑᱙᱔᱗ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱚᱨᱚ-ᱥᱚᱯᱨᱚᱫ (sponsor) ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱛᱚᱝᱵᱟᱫᱤ (mercenaries) ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱟᱹᱡᱤᱭᱮᱱᱟ ᱱᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱟᱛᱚᱝᱵᱟᱫᱤ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱨᱚ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱛᱮ᱾ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱑᱙᱔᱘ ᱨᱮ, ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ, ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱮᱡᱮᱱᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱠᱟᱨᱫᱩ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱟᱠᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱢᱨᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱭᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱛᱮᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ (᱑᱙᱔᱙-᱒᱐᱑᱙) ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱛᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ: A. ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ B. ᱟᱠᱟᱥᱟᱭ ᱪᱤᱱ/ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ C. ᱜᱤᱞᱜᱤᱛ ᱣᱟᱡᱟᱛ D. ᱪᱤᱞᱟᱥ E. ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ F. ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ G. ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ H. ᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱢᱨᱟᱣ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ[᱓][᱔]

  • ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱺ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ, ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟ, ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ, ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ, ᱪᱮᱱᱟᱵ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱫᱮᱨᱣᱟᱦ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱜᱤᱨ (jagir), ᱢᱤᱨᱯᱩᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑᱑% ᱟᱨ ᱯᱩᱧᱪᱷ ᱡᱟᱜᱤᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱔᱐% ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ᱾[᱕]
  • ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱺ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ (ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ) ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ (ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ); ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱚᱨᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑᱓% ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ᱾[᱕]
  • ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱺ ᱠᱟᱨᱜᱤᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱦ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ (ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾)

᱑᱙᱖᱘ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱦᱩᱭᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱖] ᱒᱐᱐᱖ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱺ ᱠᱤᱥᱛᱩᱣᱟᱨ, ᱨᱟᱢᱵᱚᱱ, ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ, ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟ, ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱤᱯᱩᱨ, ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱮᱨᱵᱚᱞ, ᱠᱩᱞᱜᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ᱾[᱗]

ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱤᱞ ( Jammu and Kashmir Reorganisation Act) ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱚᱝᱥᱚᱫ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱢᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱤᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱭᱟ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱫᱟᱠᱷ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱮᱫ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱓᱑ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱦᱩᱭᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (km²) ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ[᱘][᱙]
ᱰᱳᱰᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱰᱳᱰᱟ ᱒,᱓᱐᱖ ᱓᱒᱐,᱒᱕᱖ ᱔᱐᱙,᱕᱗᱖
ᱡᱟᱹᱢᱢᱩ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱡᱚᱢᱢᱩ ᱓,᱐᱙᱗ ᱑,᱓᱔᱓,᱗᱕᱖ ᱑,᱕᱒᱖,᱔᱐᱖
ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟ ᱒,᱖᱕᱑ ᱕᱕᱐,᱐᱘᱔ ᱖᱑᱕,᱗᱑᱑
ᱠᱤᱥᱛᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱤᱥᱛᱩᱣᱟᱨ ᱗,᱗᱓᱗[᱑᱐] ᱑᱙᱐,᱘᱔᱓ ᱒᱓᱑,᱐᱓᱗
ᱯᱩᱸᱪᱷ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱸᱪᱷ ᱑,᱖᱗᱔ ᱓᱗᱒,᱖᱑᱓ ᱔᱗᱖,᱘᱒᱐
ᱨᱟᱡᱳᱣᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱡᱳᱣᱨᱤ ᱒,᱖᱓᱐ ᱔᱘᱓,᱒᱘᱔ ᱖᱑᱙,᱒᱖᱖
ᱨᱟᱢᱵᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱟᱢᱵᱟᱱ ᱑,᱓᱒᱙ ᱑᱘᱐,᱘᱓᱐ ᱒᱘᱓,᱓᱑᱓
ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱥᱤ ᱑,᱗᱑᱙ ᱒᱖᱘,᱔᱔᱑ ᱓᱑᱔,᱗᱑᱔
ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱟ ᱙᱐᱔ ᱒᱔᱕,᱐᱑᱖ ᱓᱑᱘,᱖᱑᱑
ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱩᱫᱷᱚᱢᱯᱩᱨ ᱔,᱕᱕᱐ ᱔᱗᱕,᱐᱖᱘ ᱕᱕᱕,᱓᱕᱗
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐ ᱒᱖,᱒᱙᱓ ᱔,᱔᱓᱐,᱑᱙᱑ ᱕,᱓᱕᱐,᱘᱑᱑

ᱠᱟᱹᱥᱢᱤᱨ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ (km²) ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱐᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ
᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ
ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱓,᱙᱘᱔ ᱗᱓᱔,᱕᱔᱙ ᱑,᱐᱖᱙,᱗᱔᱙
ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱱᱫᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱓᱙᱘ ᱓᱑᱖,᱔᱓᱖ ᱓᱘᱕,᱐᱙᱙
ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱢᱩᱞᱟ ᱔,᱕᱘᱘ ᱘᱕᱓,᱓᱔᱔ ᱑,᱐᱑᱕,᱕᱐᱓
ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱵᱚᱨᱜᱟᱢ ᱑,᱓᱗᱑ ᱖᱒᱙,᱓᱐᱙ ᱗᱕᱕,᱓᱓᱑
ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱮᱨᱵᱟᱞ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱮᱨᱵᱟᱞ ᱒᱕᱙ ᱒᱑᱑,᱘᱙᱙ ᱒᱙᱗,᱐᱐᱓
ᱠᱩᱞᱜᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱩᱞᱜᱟᱢ ᱑,᱐᱖᱗ ᱔᱓᱗,᱘᱘᱕ ᱔᱒᱓,᱑᱘᱑
ᱠᱩᱯᱣᱟᱲᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱩᱯᱣᱟᱲᱟ ᱒,᱓᱗᱙ ᱖᱕᱐,᱓᱙᱓ ᱘᱗᱕,᱕᱖᱔
ᱯᱩᱞᱣᱟᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱩᱞᱣᱟᱢᱟ ᱑,᱓᱙᱘ ᱔᱔᱑,᱒᱗᱕ ᱕᱗᱐,᱐᱖᱐
ᱥᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱖᱑᱒.᱘᱗ ᱒᱑᱑,᱓᱓᱒ ᱒᱖᱕,᱙᱖᱐
ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱨᱤᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱒᱙᱔ ᱑,᱐᱒᱗,᱖᱗᱐ ᱑,᱒᱓᱖,᱘᱒᱙
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱐ ᱑᱖,᱓᱕᱑ ᱕,᱕᱑᱔,᱐᱙᱒ ᱖,᱘᱙᱔,᱒᱗᱙

ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 8 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2008.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  2. "Jammu & Kashmir profile" (PDF). Censusinfo India 2011. Retrieved 10 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016. 
  3. Karim, Kashmir The Troubled Frontiers 2013, p. 29–32.
  4. Behera, Demystifying Kashmir 2007, p. 15.
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ Snedden, Understanding Kashmir and Kashmiris 2015, p. 167.
  6. Behera, Demystifying Kashmir 2007, p. 28.
  7. Jammu and Kashmir to have eight new districts, Indo-Asian News Service, 6 July 2006.
  8. 2011 census J&K
  9. "Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs". Government of India, Ministry of Home Affairs. Archived from the original on 2 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2016. Retrieved 10 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. http://kishtwar.nic.in/districtstats.html