ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ
Sumatra Topography.png
ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱳᱯᱳᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ
LocationSumatra.svg
Location of Sumatra in Indonesia Archipelago
Geography
Locationᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱟ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ, ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ-ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ
Coordinates00°N 102°E / 0°N 102°E / 0; 102Coordinates: 00°N 102°E / 0°N 102°E / 0; 102
Archipelagoᱢᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ
Area473,481 km2 (182,812 sq mi)
Highest elevation᱓,᱘᱐᱕ m (᱑᱒,᱔᱘᱔ ft)
Highest pointᱠᱮᱨᱤᱧᱪᱤ
Administration
Provincesᱟᱪᱮᱦ
ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ
ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ
ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱣ
ᱡᱟᱢᱵᱤ
ᱵᱮᱝᱠᱩᱠᱩ
ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ
ᱞᱟᱢᱯᱩᱝ
Largest settlementᱢᱮᱫᱟᱱ (ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ. ᱒,᱐᱙᱗,᱖᱑᱐)
Demographics
Population᱕᱘,᱔᱕᱕,᱘᱐᱐ (mid 2019)
Pop. density᱑᱒᱓.᱔᱖ /km (᱓᱑᱙.᱗᱖ /sq mi)
Ethnic groupsᱟᱪᱮᱦᱱᱮᱥ, ᱵᱟᱛᱟᱠ, ᱜᱟᱭᱳᱱᱤᱥ, ᱞᱟᱢᱯᱩᱝ, ᱢᱟᱞᱚᱭ, ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱟᱣᱟᱭ, ᱢᱤᱱᱟᱝᱠᱟᱵᱟᱣ, ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱥ, ᱯᱟᱞᱮᱢᱵᱟᱝ, ᱨᱮᱡᱟᱝ, ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ, ᱡᱟᱵᱷᱟᱱᱤᱥ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾
Additional information
Time zone

ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱟ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱹᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ (ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱳᱨᱱᱤᱭᱳ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱣ ᱜᱤᱱᱤ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩᱜᱮ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ) ᱾ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱵᱤᱥᱟᱹᱨ ᱔᱗᱓,᱔᱘᱑ ᱪᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (᱑᱘᱒,᱘᱑᱒ ᱪᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ) ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱩᱨᱩᱭᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱢᱤᱣᱩᱞ, ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱥ, ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱟᱣᱟᱭ, ᱮᱝᱜᱟᱱᱳ, ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱣ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫᱽ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱚᱛᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ-ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ-ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱚᱛᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱢᱟᱞᱚᱭ ᱩᱯᱚᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱠᱠᱟ ᱯᱨᱚᱱᱟᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ-ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱟ ᱯᱨᱚᱱᱟᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱡᱟᱵᱷᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱪᱟᱹᱫ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱟᱱᱫᱟᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱡᱟᱵᱷᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱯᱮᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱹᱴᱤᱡ ᱠᱟᱹᱴᱤᱡ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱚᱴᱟ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱵᱩᱠᱤᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱣᱟᱹᱫᱽ ᱥᱮᱸᱜᱮᱞ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ (volcano) ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ-ᱱᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ, ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ (lowlands), ᱫᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱨᱦᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱜᱽᱨᱳᱵᱷ ᱵᱤᱨ ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ (BC) ᱕᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱒᱙᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱷᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱢᱟᱨᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱞᱚ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱫᱟᱨᱟ ᱞᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱘᱗% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱟᱹ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱒᱒% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱡᱤᱭᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱮᱱ ᱓᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱕᱐% ᱵᱤᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱯᱟ ᱪᱟᱵᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱹᱨᱩᱵ, ᱜᱚᱱᱰᱟᱨ, ᱳᱨᱟᱝᱳᱰᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱡᱤᱵᱽ ᱡᱟᱹᱱᱛᱩᱨ ᱜᱮ ᱟᱫᱚᱜ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱰᱮᱢᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞᱥᱚᱝ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ
ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟᱦᱚᱲ.±%
1971 ᱒᱐,᱘᱐᱘,᱑᱔᱘—    
1980 ᱒᱘,᱐᱑᱖,᱑᱖᱐+34.6%
1990 ᱓᱖,᱕᱐᱖,᱗᱐᱓+30.3%
1995 ᱔᱐,᱘᱓᱐,᱓᱓᱔+11.8%
2000 ᱔᱒,᱖᱑᱖,᱑᱖᱔+4.4%
2005 ᱔᱕,᱘᱓᱙,᱐᱔᱑+7.6%
2010 ᱕᱐,᱖᱑᱓,᱙᱔᱗+10.4%
2019 ᱕᱘,᱔᱕᱕,᱘᱐᱐+15.5%
sources:[᱑][᱒]

ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱑᱒᱓.᱔᱖ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡᱽ - ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱕.᱘ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ (᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ)[᱒] ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱬᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱓]

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱩᱢᱟᱛᱨᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ – ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ[᱔]
ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ %
ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ
87.1%
ᱤᱥᱟᱹᱭ
10.7%
ᱵᱩᱫᱫᱷᱚ
1.4%
ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ
0.3%
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ/
ᱛᱮᱞᱟ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜ
0.3%
ᱠᱚᱱᱯᱷᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱥ
0.1%

ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱮᱡᱽᱥᱮᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱮᱞ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Penduduk Indonesia menurut Provinsi 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 dan 2010" [Indonesian Population by Provinces 1971, 1980, 1990, 1995, 2000 and 2010]. Badan Pusat Statistik (in Indonesian). Archived from the original on 1 July 2013. Retrieved 17 July 2013.
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ Badan Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2019.
  3. "Population Statistics". GeoHive. Archived from the original on 4 April 2012. Retrieved 25 July 2012.
  4. Badan Pusat Statistik, Kewarganegaraan, Suku Bangsa, Agama, dan Bahasa Sehari-hari Penduduk Indonesia [Citizenship, Ethnicity, Religion, and the Everyday Languages of Indonesian Citizens] (PDF) (in Indonesian), Badan Pusat Statistik, ISBN 978-979-064-417-5, archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2015, retrieved 5 January 2019