ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ
Xitsonga
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱓.᱗  ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱖-᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱑]
ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱓.᱔ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ (᱒᱐᱐᱒)[᱒]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ (ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ)
ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ᱵᱽᱨᱮᱭᱤᱞ
ᱩᱫᱩᱜ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ
Signed Tsonga
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 ts
ISO 639-2 tso
ISO 639-3 tso
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ tson1249[᱓]
S.53 (S.52)[᱔]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 99-AUT-dc incl. varieties 99-AUT-dca...
-dcg
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South Africa 2011 Tsonga speakers proportion map.svg

ᱛᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ( /ˈtsɒŋɡə,_ˈtsɔːʔ/) ᱥᱮ ᱥᱤᱛᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ (ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ: Xitsonga) ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱱᱴᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱟᱨ "ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱟᱱᱤ" ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱤᱢᱵᱟᱵᱩᱭᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱜᱥᱮᱞᱮᱡ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Software and localisation[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱥᱳᱝᱜᱟ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Webb, Vic. 2002. "Language in South Africa: the role of language in national transformation, reconstruction and development". Impact: Studies in language and society, 14:78
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Tsonga". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online