ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ
ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ
Aarti at Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar.jpg
Ropeway to Chandi Devi Temple, Haridwar.jpg
Chandidevi temple5.JPG
Evening view of Har-ki-Pauri, Haridwar.jpg
Ganga river at haridwar.jpg
Hindu god Shiva murti statue near Ganges in Haridwar India sights culture beliefs 2015.jpg
Mansa Devi Temple, Haridwar 06.jpg
Haridwar Junction Railway Station (Oct 18, 2011).jpg
Clockwise from top:
Ganga Aarti at Har Ki Pauri, Chandi Devi Temple,
morning view of Har Ki Pauri, Mansa Devi Temple,
Haridwar railway station, Shiv Murti by the Ganga River,
Evening view of Har Ki Pauri and Ropeway to Chandi Devi Temple.
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ is located in Uttarakhand
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ is located in ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ
ᱦᱟᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ
Coordinates: 29°56′42″N 78°09′47″E / 29.945°N 78.163°E / 29.945; 78.163Coordinates: 29°56′42″N 78°09′47″E / 29.945°N 78.163°E / 29.945; 78.163
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ  ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱱᱰ
ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹ
ᱢᱩᱱᱤᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞᱴᱤ 1868
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ Mayor–Council
 • ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ Haridwar Municipal Corporation
 • Mayor Anita Sharma (INC)
 • Municipal Commissioner Alok Kumar Pandey, IAS
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 • ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ 12.3 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (4.7 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ 314 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (1030 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (2011)[᱒]
 • ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱒᱓᱑,᱓᱓᱘
Languages
 • Official Hindi
IST (UTC+5:30)
ᱯᱤᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ 249401
Telephone code +91-1334
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱤᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ UK-08
Sex ratio 1.18[᱒] /
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ haridwarnagarnigam.com

ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ( /hʌrɪˈdwɑr/; About this soundlocal pronunciation , ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱦᱚᱨᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱱᱚᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞᱴᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱱᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱩᱠᱷᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟ ᱜᱚᱥᱟᱸᱭ ᱜᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱚ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱴᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱡᱟᱜ ᱚᱢᱚᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ 253 kilometres (157 mi) ᱞᱤᱧᱡᱤᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱫᱷᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱜᱟᱝᱜᱮᱴᱤᱠ ᱥᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱞᱚᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱝᱜᱟᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱚᱢᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱜᱟᱝ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱤᱞ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ-ᱟ (ᱞᱮᱸᱜᱟ) ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱤᱧᱡᱤ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱝ ᱠᱮᱱᱟᱞ (ᱡᱚᱡᱚᱢ)

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱚᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱵᱤᱥᱱᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱥᱱᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱱᱥᱠᱨᱤᱴ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱤᱥᱲᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱚ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱚᱭ ᱵᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱾ [᱓] ᱚᱱᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱨᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱾ ᱠᱟᱭᱲᱟᱥ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨᱚᱜ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱤ ᱯᱚᱩᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱵᱚ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱦᱟᱜ ᱛᱷᱚᱯᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱛᱭᱟᱹᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

"ᱟᱭᱚᱫᱷᱭᱟ ᱢᱚᱛᱷᱩᱨᱟ ᱢᱟᱭᱟ ᱠᱟᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱧᱪᱤ ᱚᱵᱚᱱᱛᱤᱠᱟ
ᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱵᱟᱨᱚᱵᱟᱴᱤ ᱥᱟᱤᱵᱟ ᱥᱟᱯᱛᱟᱭᱤᱛᱟ ᱢᱚᱠᱷᱥᱭᱚᱫᱟᱭᱤᱠᱟ" – ᱜᱚᱨᱩᱰᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱟᱬᱚ I XVI .14

ᱟᱡᱚᱫᱤᱭᱟ, ᱢᱛᱷᱩᱨᱟ, ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ, ᱠᱟᱥᱤ, ᱠᱟᱧᱪᱤ, ᱚᱵᱚᱱᱛᱤᱠᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱣᱟᱨᱚᱠᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱡᱟᱭᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱦᱟᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜ-ᱟ [᱔]

ᱜᱚᱨᱩᱰᱚ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱬ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱚᱠᱷᱭᱚ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱢᱩᱠᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱮᱭᱟᱭ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱷᱟᱱ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱮᱛᱨᱚ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱩᱱᱟᱹᱭ ᱚᱛᱮᱛ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱝᱜᱟ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱚᱠᱷᱭᱚ ᱵᱟᱝᱢᱟ ᱢᱩᱠᱛᱤ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ

ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱮᱰ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱴᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱱᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱚᱲᱚᱠ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱫᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱕᱘ ᱱᱚᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱣᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱨᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱣᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱜᱟᱡᱤᱭᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ, ᱢᱮᱨᱩᱴ, ᱢᱩᱡᱟᱯᱷᱚᱨᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ, ᱨᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱫᱽᱨᱤᱱᱟᱛᱷ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱗᱔ ᱱᱚᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱦᱟᱭ ᱣᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱥᱤᱯᱩᱨ, ᱠᱤᱪᱷᱟ, ᱱᱟᱜᱤᱱᱟ, ᱯᱤᱞᱤᱵᱷᱤᱴ, ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱞᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣᱮᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱚᱥ ᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱥᱟᱹᱦᱤᱡ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱨᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱡᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱝ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱢᱮ ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ, ᱫᱤᱞᱤ, ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ, ᱡᱚᱭᱯᱩᱨ, ᱡᱚᱫᱷᱯᱩᱨ, ᱮᱦᱮᱢᱫᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ, ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ, ᱜᱚᱭᱟ, ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱬᱚᱥᱤ, ᱟᱞᱦᱟᱵᱟᱫᱽ, ᱵᱟᱨᱮᱞᱤ, ᱞᱚᱠᱷᱱᱚᱣ , ᱯᱩᱨᱤ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱢᱮᱱᱢᱮ ᱵᱷᱚᱯᱟᱲ, ᱤᱱᱫᱚᱨ ᱠᱦᱟᱱᱰᱣᱟ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱰᱮᱨᱟᱰᱩᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱞᱤ ᱜᱨᱟᱱᱴ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ 35 km ᱥᱟᱹᱝᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱤᱱᱫᱤᱨᱟ ᱜᱟᱱᱫᱷᱤ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ 220 km ᱥᱟᱹᱝᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾


ᱚᱛᱱᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱟᱯ:

  • ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ: 25 °C – 44 °C
  • ᱨᱟᱵᱟᱝ: −1 °C – 24 °C[᱕]
Climate data for Haridwar
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ (Average high) °C (°F) 20
(68)
22
(72)
27
(81)
33
(91)
36
(97)
34
(93)
31
(88)
30
(86)
30
(86)
29
(84)
26
(79)
22
(72)
28
(83)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ (Average low) °C (°F) 7
(45)
9
(48)
13
(55)
18
(64)
21
(70)
23
(73)
23
(73)
23
(73)
21
(70)
17
(63)
11
(52)
8
(46)
16
(61)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 72
(2.8)
76
(3.0)
78
(3.1)
55
(2.2)
113
(4.4)
296
(11.7)
599
(23.6)
568
(22.4)
301
(11.9)
102
(4.0)
23
(0.9)
91
(3.6)
᱒,᱓᱗᱔
(93.6)
Source: Sunmap


ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱮᱱᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱨᱤ ᱠᱤ ᱯᱟᱩᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱮᱱᱮᱞ
ᱢᱚᱱᱥᱟ ᱫᱮᱵᱤ ᱢᱚᱱᱫᱤᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱤᱫᱣᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱮᱱᱮᱞ


ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hardwar Population Census 2011
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ "haridwar City Population Census of India, 2011". Office of the Registrar General, India. 2 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2002. Retrieved 23 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2015. 
  3. About Haridwar sahajaharidwar.
  4. Kramrisch, Stella (25 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2018). "The Hindu Temple". Motilal Banarsidass – via Google Books. 
  5. New District Archived ᱓᱐ ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱒᱐᱐᱘ at the Wayback Machine. Haridwar, www.gmvnl.com.