ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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Republic of Turkey
Türkiye Cumhuriyeti
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : Yürt'ta sulh, Cihan'da sulh
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧİstiklâl Marşı
ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲAnkara
Largest city Istanbul
Spoken languages
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ 
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ Turkish
Turk
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Unitary presidential constitutional republic
 -  President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan
 -  Vice President Fuat Oktay
 -  Assembly Speaker Mustafa Şentop
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ Grand National Assembly
ᱮᱵᱚᱵ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ
 -  War of Indepence 19 May 1919 
 -  Grand National Assembly of Turkey 23 April 1920 
 -  Treaty of Lausanne 24 July 1923 
 -  Declaration of Republic 29 October 1923 
 -  Current constitution 7 November 1982 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱗᱘᱓.᱓᱕᱖ km2 (36th)
᱑᱐᱕  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) 1.3
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2019 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ increase 83,184,997 (19th)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2020 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ increase $2.464 trillion (19th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ increase $29,326 (70th)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2020 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ increase $813.810 billion (19th)
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ 9,683 (70th)
ᱡᱤᱱᱤ (2017) increase 43.0 (medium) (56th)
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2018) increase 0.806 (very high) (59th)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ Turkish lira (TRY)
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ FET (UTC+3)
ᱢᱟᱹᱦᱤᱛ ᱜᱚᱲᱦᱚᱱ dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ right
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .tr
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +90
ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱨ

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ (Turkish: Türkiye [ˈtyɾcije]), officially the Republic of Turkey (Turkish: Türkiye Cumhuriyeti [ˈtyɾcije d͡ʒumˈhuɾijeti] (listen)), ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱸᱠᱟᱨᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱞᱟᱹᱴᱩ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱵᱩᱞ

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱜᱷᱚᱴᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱯᱮᱨᱮᱡ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱮᱫᱟᱭ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱡᱟᱜᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱫ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ[᱑] ᱾ ᱡᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱑᱙᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱴᱟᱭᱤᱴ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱯᱚᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱨᱤᱡᱤᱭᱳ, ᱜᱨᱤᱠ, ᱯᱟᱨᱥᱤᱠ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱨᱚᱵᱽ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱮᱱᱟ [᱒][᱓][᱔] ᱾ ᱜᱮᱞ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱫᱟᱸᱲᱟᱸ ᱵᱟᱸᱲᱟᱸᱭ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱚᱞᱚ ᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚᱠᱷᱚᱞ ᱠᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 783,356 km2 (302,455 sq mi)᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱟᱹᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱨᱠᱳᱱᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱯᱟᱹᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱮᱡᱤᱭᱳ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱨᱤᱥ, ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱡᱚᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱵᱟᱭᱡᱟᱱ, ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱥᱮᱡ ᱤᱨᱟᱠ, ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱚᱛ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱛ ᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱱᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱵᱟᱥ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱮᱥᱜᱮ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱛᱤ ᱞᱟᱹᱲᱦᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱪᱟᱥ ᱵᱟᱥ ᱪᱷᱟᱲᱟᱣ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱞᱟᱦᱟ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱡᱚᱝᱲᱟᱣ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱙᱐ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱦᱚᱲᱜᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱩ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ᱾ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱟᱫᱽ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱓᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮᱱᱠᱩ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱩᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱡᱟᱠᱟᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱛᱮᱫᱚ ᱮᱝᱨᱮᱡᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱩ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ᱾

ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱛ ᱟᱹᱭᱫᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱩᱣᱟ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱙᱕ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱦᱚᱲᱜᱮ ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱠᱩ᱾ ᱜᱨᱤᱠ, ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ, ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱢᱟᱱᱛᱮᱛ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤᱠᱩ ᱢᱮᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱱᱟᱦᱩᱱᱟᱹᱨ ᱟᱹᱨᱤᱪᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱠᱩ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱹᱜᱩᱭᱟ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Index of Turkey-related articles
  • Outline of Turkey

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

General
  • turkey.com – Topical multilingual website about Turkey.

  • Turkey profile from the BBC News
  • Turkey at Encyclopædia Britannica
  • Turkey from UCB Libraries GovPubs
  • Data on Turkey from OECD
  • Better Life Index of Turkey from OECD
  • Turkey at Curlie (based on DMOZ)
  • Key Development Forecasts for Turkey from International Futures
  • Geographic data related to Turkey at OpenStreetMap
Tourism
  • Wikimedia Atlas of Turkey
  • Turkey travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Turkey Home – Turkey's Official Tourism Portal
  • Official website of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  • Turkey profile from UNESCO
  • Turkey profile from Lonely Planet
Government
Economy

ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Stiner, Mary C.; Kuhn, Steven L.; Güleç, Erksin। "Early Upper Paleolithic shell beads at Üçağızlı Cave I (Turkey): Technology and the socioeconomic context of ornament life-histories"᱾ Journal of Human Evolution64 (5): 380–398᱾ doi:10.1016/j.jhevol.2013.01.008᱾ PMID 23481346᱾ আইএসএসএন 0047-2484।
  2. Douglas Arthur Howard᱾ The History of Turkey᱾ Greenwood Publishing Group᱾ পৃষ্ঠা xiv–xx᱾ আইএসবিএন 978-0-313-30708-9᱾ সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২ এপ্রিল ২০১৩᱾
  3. Sharon R. Steadman; Gregory McMahon (১৫ সেপ্টেম্বর ২০১১)᱾ The Oxford Handbook of Ancient Anatolia: (10,000–323 BC)᱾ Oxford University Press᱾ পৃষ্ঠা 3–11, 37। আইএসবিএন 978-0-19-537614-2᱾ সংগ্রহের তারিখ ২৩ মার্চ ২০১৩।
  4. Casson, Lionel (১৯৭৭)᱾ "The Thracians" (PDF)᱾ The Metropolitan Museum of Art Bulletin35 (1): 2–6। doi:10.2307/3258667।