ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ
कुमाऊँनी
KmnTkr.jpg
ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱟᱠᱨᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮ 'ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ' ᱚᱞ ᱾
ᱨᱟᱹᱲ IPA: [kuːmɑːʊni]
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱ (ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ)
ᱰᱳᱴᱤ[᱑][᱒] (ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ)
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱒.᱒ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ)[᱓]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ
ᱴᱟᱠᱨᱤ (ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ)
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-3 kfy
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ kuma1273[᱔]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ (कुमाऊँनी; pronounced [kuːmɑːʊni]) ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱩᱛᱛᱚᱨᱟᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱐ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱖᱑ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱨᱵᱷᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱑,᱐᱓᱐,᱒᱕᱔ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱒᱒ ᱞᱟᱠᱷ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱕]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱫᱚᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱭᱩᱱᱮᱥᱠᱳ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱥᱠᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ (World's Languages in Danger) ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱞᱟᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱱᱥᱮᱵᱷ (unsafe) ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱢᱮᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱞᱮᱛᱟᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱢᱩᱴᱩ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱖] ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸᱭ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱩᱱᱠᱩ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱩᱯᱩᱡᱷᱟᱹᱣ ᱦᱚᱠᱚ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ], ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱴᱟᱠᱨᱤ (ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ) ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱪᱷᱮᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱱᱛᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱜᱩᱴᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱠᱟᱞᱤ (ᱥᱮ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ) ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱞᱢᱳᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱱᱚᱭᱱᱤᱛᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ-ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱤᱛᱷᱳᱨᱟᱜᱚᱲ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ-ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱱᱚᱭᱱᱤᱛᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱟᱞᱢᱳᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱭᱱᱤᱛᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ ᱾

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱴᱷᱟᱹᱣᱠᱟᱹ ᱥᱟᱺᱦᱤᱡ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱨᱚᱲ-ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱘]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱤᱨ
᱙᱘᱙CE ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱚᱞ, ᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱟᱴᱭᱩᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱽ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱚᱱᱫᱤᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱸᱢᱵᱟ ᱯᱞᱮᱴ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾.[᱙][᱑᱐] ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ]

ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱷᱟᱴᱚ ᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱝᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞᱟᱱ ᱥᱩᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱲᱣᱟᱞᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱹᱵᱤ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱪᱮᱫᱟᱜ ᱥᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱤᱰᱩᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱫᱟᱲᱮᱭᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱨᱮ, ᱞᱳᱠᱥᱚᱵᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱨᱟᱭᱵᱷᱮᱴ ᱥᱚᱦᱮᱛ (ᱢᱮᱢᱵᱟᱨ) ᱵᱤᱞ ᱪᱟᱨᱪᱟ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱡᱚᱥ ᱛᱟᱸᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱜᱟᱲᱣᱟᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱚᱝᱵᱤᱫᱷᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱨᱟᱹᱞᱟᱱ ᱥᱩᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱚᱪᱚ ᱾.[᱑᱑][᱑᱒]

ᱛᱚᱵᱮ, ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱒᱐᱑᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱟᱦᱟᱱᱛᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚᱦᱚᱭ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱ ᱰᱤᱵᱷᱤᱥᱚᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱤᱨᱫᱟᱹᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱚᱨᱮ ᱑-᱕ ᱪᱟᱱᱟᱪ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱷᱩᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾[᱑᱓]

ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱣᱱᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱦᱮᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

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  8. Eichentopf, Stephanie R. (2014). A Sociolinguistic Study of Dotyali (Report). Tribhuvan University and SIL International. p. 14. 
  9. Śarmā, Devīdatta (1983). Linguistic History of Uttarākhaṇḍa (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Vishveshvaranand Vedic Research Institute. 
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  12. Saxena, Shivani (22 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2016). "Postcards demand official language status for Kumaoni, Garhwali". The Times of India (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2020-02-12. 
  13. "CM releases Kumaoni books for school students". The Times of India (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2020-01-11.