ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱫᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ-ᱞᱮᱥᱴ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ
  • Repúblika Demokrátika Timór-Leste  (Tetum)
  • República Democrática de Timor-Leste  (Portuguese)
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱭᱩᱨ : Unidade, Acção, Progresso  (Portuguese)
Unidade, Asaun, Progresu  (Tetum)
(English: "Unity, Action, Progress")
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱥᱮᱱᱮᱨᱮᱧ"Pátria" (Portuguese)
(English: "Fatherland")

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲᱰᱤᱞᱤ
Largest city ᱰᱤᱞᱤ
ᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ
ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱫ
  • East Timorese
  • Timorese
  • Maubere (informal)[᱑][᱒]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ Unitary semi-presidential constitutional republic[᱓][᱔][᱕]
 -  President Francisco Guterres
 -  Prime Minister José Maria Vasconcelos
ᱞᱮᱡᱤᱥᱞᱟᱪᱚᱨ National Parliament
Independence from Portugal and Indonesia 
 -  Portuguese Timor ᱑᱖ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ 
 -  ᱯᱷᱩᱱᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱒᱘ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱗᱕ 
 -  Annexation by Indonesia ᱑᱗ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱙᱗᱖ 
 -  Administered by UNTAET ᱒᱕ ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ 
 -  Independence restored ᱒᱐ ᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱐᱒ 
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑᱕,᱐᱐᱗ [᱖] km2 (154th)
᱕,᱗᱙᱔  
 -  ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ (%) negligible
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ
 -  2015 census 1,183,643[᱗] 
 -  ᱥᱟᱝᱜᱮ 78/ᱠᱤᱹᱢᱤᱹ 
᱒᱐᱑/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱤᱹ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱠᱤᱨᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱵᱟᱨᱟᱵᱟᱹᱨᱤ) 2019 ᱯᱟᱭᱛᱟᱨ
 -  ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱨᱮ $7.221 billion 
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $5,561[᱘] 
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱨᱡᱟᱣ (ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱦᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ) 2019 ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱚᱝ
 -  ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ $3.145 billion 
 -  ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱤᱪᱷᱤ $2,422[᱘] 
ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ ᱩᱛᱱᱟᱹᱣ ᱩᱱᱩᱫᱩᱜ (2018) 0.626 (131st)
ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ United States dollarb (USD)
ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ (UTC+9)
ᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱲᱟᱢ ᱢᱮ left
ᱤᱱᱴᱚᱨᱱᱮᱴ ᱴᱤᱹᱮᱞᱹᱰᱤᱹ .tlc
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ
timor-leste.gov.tl
ᱯᱷᱚᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ +670

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱥᱮ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱞᱮᱥᱴ (ᱛᱮᱛᱩᱢᱺ Timór Lorosa'e) ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ-ᱞᱮᱥᱴ ᱟᱹᱯᱱᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱙] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱨᱫᱷᱮᱠ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱴᱟ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱟᱛᱟᱣᱨᱳ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱠᱳ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱭᱮᱠᱩᱥᱮ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱮᱨᱦᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱖᱔᱐ ᱠᱤᱞᱳᱢᱤᱴᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱑᱕,᱐᱐᱗ ᱠᱤᱢᱤ² (᱕,᱗᱙᱔ sq ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ) ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ᱾[᱖]

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱑᱖ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱯᱚᱱᱤᱵᱮᱥ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱟᱡᱼᱟᱡᱽ ᱛᱮᱜᱮ ᱒᱘ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱗᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱷᱩᱱᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱮ ᱩᱪᱷᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱟᱷᱟᱱ ᱟᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱦᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱗ ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱨᱢᱤ ᱰᱤᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱟᱠᱨᱚᱢᱚᱱ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ᱾ ᱑᱗ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱑᱙᱗᱖ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱗ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱪᱤᱞᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾

᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱩᱢᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚᱦᱚ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱫᱟᱲᱮ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱨ ᱠᱮᱫ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱷᱩᱱᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱒᱐ ᱢᱮ ᱒᱐᱐᱒ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱜᱟᱶᱛᱟ ᱨᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ (ASEAN) ᱨᱮᱱ ᱜᱮᱞᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱢᱵᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮᱭ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱨᱤᱥᱴᱟᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱷᱤᱞᱤᱯᱟᱭᱤᱱ

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Xanana Gusmão, ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱨᱟᱥᱨᱚᱯᱛᱤ, ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱯᱷᱩᱱᱩᱨᱜᱟᱹᱞ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ


The National Parliament of East Timor
East Timor's Attorney General's Office

ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

The thirteen municipalities of East Timor

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱜᱮᱞᱯᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱢᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞᱤᱴᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱵᱟᱨ ᱖᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱥᱟᱥᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱳᱥᱴ, ᱔᱔᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱥᱩᱠᱳᱥ (ᱟᱹᱛᱩ) ᱟᱨ ᱒,᱒᱒᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱝ ᱟᱞᱫᱮᱭᱟᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱑᱐][᱑᱑]

  1. Oecusse
  2. Liquiçá
  3. Dili
  4. Manatuto
  5. Baucau
  6. Lautém
  7. Bobonaro
  8. Ermera
  9. Aileu
  10. Viqueque
  11. Cova Lima
  12. Ainaro
  13. Manufahi

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱴᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱳᱢᱵᱟᱭ ᱥᱴᱨᱮᱴ, ᱥᱮᱛᱟᱜ ᱥᱴᱨᱮᱴ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱱᱜᱟ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱥᱮᱫ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱯ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱮᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑᱔,᱙᱑᱙ ᱠᱤᱢᱳ² (᱕,᱗᱖᱐ sq ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ) ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱜᱟᱼᱟ᱾

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Economy of East Timor (nominal GDP)(previous and data)
Economy of East Timor (nominal GDP)(previous and data)
East Timor export treemap, 2010
Coffee plantations in Aileu
Port of Dili
Timor Plaza - Shopping center of Dilí
Timor Plaza - Shopping center of Dilí

ᱰᱮᱢᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

An East Timorese man partially dressed in traditional clothing
Historical populations
YearPop.±% p.a.
᱑᱙᱘᱐᱕᱕᱕,᱓᱕᱐—    
᱑᱙᱙᱐᱗᱔᱗,᱕᱕᱗+3.02%
᱒᱐᱐᱑᱗᱘᱗,᱓᱔᱐+0.47%
᱒᱐᱐᱔᱙᱒᱓,᱑᱙᱘+5.45%
᱒᱐᱑᱐᱑,᱐᱖᱖,᱕᱘᱒+2.44%
᱒᱐᱑᱕᱑,᱑᱘᱓,᱖᱔᱓+2.10%
Source: 2015 census[᱑᱒]
ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ ᱯᱤᱨᱟᱢᱤᱰ
ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱰᱮᱢᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ ᱵᱚᱫᱚᱞ ᱑᱘᱖᱑ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱒᱐᱑᱐᱾

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

Major language groups in East Timor by suco

ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱛᱤᱢᱳᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱚᱯᱷᱤᱥᱤᱭᱟᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱯᱳᱨᱛᱩᱜᱤᱡᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱮᱛᱩᱢᱤᱝᱞᱤᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱱᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱦᱚ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱮᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱛᱮᱛᱩᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱥᱨᱚᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱧᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾

᱒᱐᱑᱕ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱧᱟᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱮᱫᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱛᱮᱛᱩᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ (ᱟᱭᱳ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱓᱐.᱖% ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ), ᱢᱟᱢᱵᱟᱭ (᱑᱖.᱖%), ᱢᱟᱠᱟᱥᱟᱭ (᱑᱐.᱕%), ᱛᱮᱛᱩᱢ ᱛᱮᱨᱤᱠ (᱖.᱐᱕%), ᱵᱟᱭᱠᱮᱱᱩ (᱕.᱘᱗%), ᱠᱮᱢᱟᱠ (᱕.᱘᱕%), ᱵᱩᱱᱟᱠ (᱕.᱔᱘%), ᱛᱳᱠᱳᱫᱮᱫᱮ (᱓.᱙᱗%) ᱟᱨ ᱯᱷᱟᱛᱟᱞᱩᱠᱩ (᱓.᱕᱒%) ᱮᱢᱟᱱ᱾ ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱑᱐.᱔᱗% ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱟ᱾

ᱞᱟᱠᱪᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ

General information

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hicks, David (15 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014). Rhetoric and the Decolonization and Recolonization of East Timor. Routledge. ISBN 9781317695356 – via Google Books. 
  2. Adelman, Howard (28 ᱡᱩᱱ 2011). No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation. Columbia University Press. ISBN 9780231526906 – via Google Books. 
  3. Shoesmith, Dennis (ᱢᱟᱨᱪ–ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2003). "Timor-Leste: Divided Leadership in a Semi-Presidential System". Asian Survey. 43 (2): 231–252. doi:10.1525/as.2003.43.2.231. ISSN 0004-4687. OCLC 905451085. The semi-presidential system in the new state of Timor-Leste has institutionalized a political struggle between the president, Xanana Gusmão, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri. This has polarized political alliances and threatens the viability of the new state. This paper explains the ideological divisions and the history of rivalry between these two key political actors. The adoption of Marxism by Fretilin in 1977 led to Gusmão's repudiation of the party in the 1980s and his decision to remove Falintil, the guerrilla movement, from Fretilin control. The power struggle between the two leaders is then examined in the transition to independence. This includes an account of the politicization of the defense and police forces and attempts by Minister of Internal Administration Rogério Lobato to use disaffected Falintil veterans as a counterforce to the Gusmão loyalists in the army. The December 4, 2002, Dili riots are explained in the context of this political struggle. 
  4. Neto, Octávio Amorim; Lobo, Marina Costa (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries" (PDF). APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper. SSRN 1644026Freely accessible. Retrieved 25 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2017. 
  5. Beuman, Lydia M. (2016). Political Institutions in East Timor: Semi-Presidentialism and Democratisation. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ISBN 978-1317362128. LCCN 2015036590. OCLC 983148216. Retrieved 18 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2017 – via Google Books. 
  6. ᱖.᱐ ᱖.᱑ "East Timor Geography". www.easttimorgovernment.com. 
  7. "Population by Age & Sex". Government of Timor-Leste. 25 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2015. Archived from the original on 13 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2019. Retrieved 29 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2020.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". www.imf.org. Retrieved 4 ᱢᱮ 2019. 
  9. CIA (29 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2012). "East and Southeast Asia:Timor-Leste". The World Factbook. Washington, DC: Central Intelligence Agency. Retrieved 16 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2012. 
  10. "Diploma Ministerial No:199/GM/MAEOT/IX/09 de 15 de Setembro de 2009 Que fixa o número de Sucos e Aldeias em Território Nacional Exposição de motivos" (PDF), Jornal da Républica, Série I, N.° 33, 16 de Setembro de 2009, 3588-3620, archived from the original (PDF) on 1 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2012 
  11. Population and Housing Census 2015, Preliminary Results (PDF), Direcção-Geral de Estatística, retrieved 15 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2018 
  12. "East Timor: Administrative Division". City population.