ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ
ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ
ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ is located in Bihar
ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ
ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱚᱠᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ
Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722Coordinates: 26°04′46″N 87°56′14″E / 26.07944°N 87.93722°E / 26.07944; 87.93722
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ᱨᱟᱢᱡᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ

ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱩᱨᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱛᱷᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱦᱮᱰᱠᱩᱣᱟᱴᱚᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ, ᱟᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱬᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱩᱨᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱢᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑]

ᱢᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱟ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ (ᱟᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱦ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱱᱤᱡ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱼᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱥᱟ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱟ ᱯᱩᱞᱭᱩ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ ᱾[᱒]

ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱵᱮᱭᱫᱤᱠ ᱡᱩᱜᱽ (c.1100-500 BCE) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ, ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱦ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛᱤᱠ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱮᱱᱟ, ᱵᱟᱱᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱨᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱱᱟᱠᱞᱟ ᱾ ᱵᱤᱫᱮᱦ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱤᱦ ᱨᱟᱡᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱠ ᱦᱚᱸᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱭ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱾[᱒]

ᱢᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱤ ᱥᱚᱢᱨᱟᱡᱽ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱡᱡᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱛᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱚᱠᱚᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱵᱮᱭᱥᱟᱞᱤ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱛᱷᱤᱞᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱓]

ᱦᱚᱲᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ,[᱔] ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱑᱐᱕,᱗᱘᱒ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱕᱕,᱑᱔᱓ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱕᱐,᱖᱓᱙ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾[᱔][᱕] ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱖᱑.᱘᱐% ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱗᱓.᱔᱖% ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱗᱘.᱓᱗% ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱟᱜ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱫᱚᱨ ᱖᱘.᱐᱘% ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾[᱔][᱖] ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ, ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ (᱐-᱖) ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱑᱖,᱘᱘᱔ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱘,᱖᱓᱖ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱫᱚ ᱘,᱒᱔᱘ ᱛᱤᱨᱞᱟᱹ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱤᱱ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱑᱕.᱙᱖% ᱜᱟᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱨᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫᱴᱟᱝ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ ᱚᱠᱚᱭ ᱢᱩᱥᱞᱟᱹ ᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ [᱔]

ᱦᱚᱨ ᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱞᱮᱞ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱨᱮᱞᱦᱮᱰ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱥᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱯᱷᱨᱚᱱᱴᱤᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ (NFR) ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ 'ᱮ' ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱜᱚᱨᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱥᱴᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱟᱨ NH 31 ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱸᱧᱮᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱨᱟ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱚᱡᱷᱮ ᱴᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱼ ᱱᱟᱶᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ, ᱢᱩᱢᱵᱟᱭ, ᱯᱟᱴᱱᱟ, ᱠᱚᱞᱠᱟᱛᱟ, ᱜᱩᱣᱟᱦᱟᱴᱤ, ᱵᱟᱸᱜᱽᱞᱳᱨ, ᱪᱮᱱᱱᱟᱭ, ᱛᱤᱨᱩᱣᱚᱱᱚᱱᱛᱯᱩᱨᱚᱢ ᱮᱢᱟᱱ ᱾ ᱨᱮᱸᱜᱮᱡ ᱱᱟᱣᱟᱡᱽ ᱮᱠᱥᱯᱨᱮᱥ ᱟᱡᱽᱢᱮᱨ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱱᱚᱸᱰᱮ ᱮᱦᱚᱵᱚᱜ ᱟ ᱾ ᱫᱤᱞᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱰᱤᱵᱽᱨᱩᱜᱚᱰ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱜᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱫᱷᱟᱱᱤ ᱮᱠᱥᱯᱨᱮᱥ ᱠᱮᱴᱮᱜᱚᱨᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱤᱸᱜᱩᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱰᱟᱦᱟᱨ ᱓᱑ ᱨᱮᱞᱣᱮ ᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ ᱟ ᱾[ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱵᱟᱜᱽᱰᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱥ ᱡᱮᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱩᱰᱟᱹᱱ ᱰᱟᱹᱦᱤ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱡᱚᱲᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱫᱚ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱᱜᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱖᱐ ᱠᱤᱞᱚᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (᱓᱗ ᱢᱤᱞ) ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Thakur, Minni (22 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2018). "Women Empowerment Through Panchayati Raj Institutions". Concept Publishing Company – via Google Books. 
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ Witzel, Michael (1989). Caillat, C., ed. Tracing the Vedic dialects in Dialectes dans les litteratures Indo-Aryennes. Paris: Fondation Hugot. pp. 13, 17 116–124, 141–143. 
  3. Hemchandra, R. (1972). Political History of Ancient India. Calcutta: University of Calcutta. 
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ ᱔.᱓ "Census of India: Search Details". censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 2019-06-09. 
  5. "District Informatics Center, Kishanganj, Bihar". Archived from the original on 30 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2018. Retrieved 17 ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 9 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2016. Retrieved 14 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2016.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)