ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ
Zimanê kurdî / زمانی کوردی
Kurdish Language.svg
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ, ᱤᱨᱟᱠ, ᱤᱨᱟᱱ, ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ, ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ, ᱟᱡᱟᱨᱵᱟᱭᱡᱟᱱ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱ, ᱟᱱᱟᱛᱳᱞᱤᱭᱟ, ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱟᱥ, ᱠᱷᱳᱨᱟᱥᱟᱱ, ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱨᱚᱵᱟᱥᱤ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
c. ᱒᱐–᱓᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱐–᱒᱐᱑᱐ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ)[᱑]
ᱥᱴᱟᱱᱰᱟᱨᱰ ᱯᱷᱚᱨᱢ
Dialects
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱦᱟᱣᱟᱨ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ; ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ)
ᱥᱳᱨᱟᱱᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ
(ᱯᱷᱟᱨᱥᱤᱼᱟᱨᱚᱵᱤᱠ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ; ᱤᱨᱟᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱨᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ)
ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱞᱤᱠ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ (ᱢᱟᱬᱮ ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱤᱭᱩᱱᱤᱭᱚᱱ)
ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ (᱑᱙᱒᱑-᱒᱙ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱳᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛ ᱟᱨᱢᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ)[᱓][᱔][᱕]
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

Flag of Iraq.svg ᱤᱨᱟᱠ[᱖][lower-alpha ᱑]

Flag of Rojava.svg ᱨᱳᱡᱟᱵᱷᱟ[᱘][᱙]
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 ku
ISO 639-2 kur
ISO 639-3 kur – inclusive code
Individual codes:
ckb – ᱥᱳᱨᱟᱱᱤ
kmr – ᱠᱩᱨᱢᱟᱱᱡᱤ
sdh – ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ
lki – ᱞᱟᱠᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ kurd1259[᱑᱑]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 58-AAA-a (North Kurdish incl. Kurmanji & Kurmanjiki) + 58-AAA-b (Central Kurdish incl. Dimli/Zaza & Gurani) + 58-AAA-c (South Kurdish incl. Kurdi)
Idioma kurdo.PNG
ᱯᱟᱪᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
Kurdish languages map.svg
ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱥᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱨᱟᱱ, ᱛᱩᱨᱠᱤ, ᱤᱨᱟᱠ, ᱥᱤᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱠᱮᱥᱟᱥ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱤᱣᱨᱳᱯᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱤᱨᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱒ - ᱓ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱥᱚᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ, ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱫᱤᱥ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱮᱢᱞᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ[᱑᱒]

ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱡᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱜᱳᱨᱟᱱᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. SIL Ethnologue gives estimates, broken down by dialect group, totalling 31 million, but with the caveat of "Very provisional figures for Northern Kurdish speaker population". Ethnologue estimates for dialect groups: Northern: 20.2M (undated; 15M in Turkey for 2009), Central: 6.75M (2009), Southern: 3M (2000), Laki: 1M (2000). The Swedish Nationalencyklopedin listed Kurdish in its "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), citing an estimate of 20.6 million native speakers.
  2. "Atlas of the Languages of Iran A working classification". Languages of Iran. Retrieved 25 ᱢᱮ 2019. 
  3. MacCagg, William O.; Silver, Brian D., eds. (1979). Soviet Asian Ethnic Frontiers. Pergamon Press. p. 94. ISBN 9780080246376. Since the most active Soviet Kurdish center has been and continues to be Yerevan, the first alphabet used for publishing Kurdish in the USSR was the Armenian alphabet. 
  4. Курдский язык (in ᱨᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ). Krugosvet. ...в Армении на основе русского алфавита с 1946 (с 1921 на основе армянской графики, с 1929 на основе латиницы). 
  5. Khamoyan, M. (1986). "Քրդերեն [Kurdish language]". Soviet Armenian Encyclopedia Volume 12 (in Armenian). p. 492. ...գրկ. լույս է տեսնում 1921-ից հայկ., 1929-ից՝ լատ., 1946-ից՝ ռուս. այբուբենով... 
  6. "Iraq's Constitution of 2005" (PDF). p. 4. Retrieved 14 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2019. 
  7. "Kurdistan: Constitution of the Iraqi Kurdistan Region". Retrieved 14 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2019. 
  8. "Social Contract - Sa-Nes". Self-Administration of North & East Syria Representation in Benelux. Archived from the original on 9 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2018. Retrieved 22 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2019.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. "Rojava could be a model for all Syria". Salih Muslim. Nationalita. 29 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2014. Retrieved 22 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2019. 
  10. Pavlenko, Aneta (2008). Multilingualism in post-Soviet countries. Bristol, UK: Multilingual Matters. pp. 18–22. ISBN 978-1-84769-087-6. 
  11. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kurdish". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  12. The Kurdish Issue in Turkey Archived ᱒᱐᱑᱔-᱐᱙-᱒᱑ at the Wayback Machine., Stavroula Chrisdoulaki, GRIN Verlag, 2010, ISBN 978-3-640-76700-7, ... The Kurdish language belongs to Iranian languages, which is a branch of Indo-Iranian of the Indo-European languages ... There are two main dominant dialects: the Kurmanji – which is spoken mostly by the northern Kurds – and the Surani – which is spoken mostly by the southern Kurds ...


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