ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ
ᱠᱤᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ
ᱨᱟᱹᱲ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:IPA-sw
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱛᱟᱱᱡᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ, ᱜᱚᱱᱚᱛᱟᱱᱛᱨᱤᱠ ᱠᱚᱝᱜᱳ ᱯᱨᱚᱡᱟᱛᱚᱱᱛᱨᱚ, ᱵᱟᱡᱩᱱᱤ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ (ᱥᱳᱢᱟᱞᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ), ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱥᱩᱫᱟᱱ, ᱢᱳᱡᱟᱢᱵᱤᱠ (mostly ᱢᱣᱟᱱᱤ), ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱱᱰᱤ, ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱱᱰᱟ, ᱩᱜᱟᱱᱰᱟ, ᱠᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ,[᱑] ᱠᱳᱢᱳᱨᱳᱥ, ᱢᱟᱭᱚᱛ, ᱡᱟᱢᱵᱤᱭᱟ, ᱢᱟᱞᱟᱣᱤ, ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱫᱟᱜᱟᱥᱠᱟᱨ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱒ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱓)[᱒] ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱑᱕᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ[᱓]
L2 ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ: ᱙᱐ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱑᱙᱙᱑–᱒᱐᱑᱕)[᱓]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱮᱢᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱥᱟᱢᱵᱽᱲᱟᱣᱤᱭᱟᱹ
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-1 sw
ISO 639-2 swa
ISO 639-3 swa – inclusive code
Individual codes:
swc – Congo Swahili
swh – Coastal Swahili
ymk – Makwe
wmw – Mwani
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ swah1254[᱔]
  • G.42–43;
  • G.40.A–H (pidgins & creoles)
[᱕]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ 99-AUS-m
Swahili-speaking Africa.png
  ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
  ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
  ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱠᱷᱟᱱ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
  ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
This article contains IPA phonetic symbols. Without proper rendering support, you may see question marks, boxes, or other symbols instead of Unicode characters. For an introductory guide on IPA symbols, see Help:IPA.

ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱮ ᱠᱤᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱱᱴᱩ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟᱱ ᱫᱟᱨᱦᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱟᱯᱷᱨᱤᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱱᱡᱟᱱᱤᱭᱟ, ᱩᱜᱟᱱᱰᱟ, ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱱᱰᱟ, ᱵᱩᱨᱩᱱᱰᱤ ᱠᱮᱱᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱤᱝᱜᱩᱣᱟ ᱯᱷᱨᱟᱝᱠᱟ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱖][᱗]

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱚᱨᱛᱷᱚᱜᱽᱨᱟᱯᱷᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Thomas J. Hinnebusch, 1992, "Swahili", International Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Oxford, pp. 99–106
    David Dalby, 1999/2000, The Linguasphere Register of the World's Languages and Speech Communities, Linguasphere Press, Volume Two, pp. 733–735
    Benji Wald, 1994, "Sub-Saharan Africa", Atlas of the World's Languages, Routledge, pp. 289–346, maps 80, 81, 85
  2. Hinnebusch, Thomas J. (2003). "Swahili"Paid subscription required. In William J. Frawley. International Encyclopedia of Linguistics (2 ed.). Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780195139778. First-language (L1) speakers of Swahili, who probably number no more than two million 
  3. ᱓.᱐ ᱓.᱑ ᱥᱳᱭᱟᱦᱤᱞᱤ at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Congo Swahili at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Coastal Swahili at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Makwe at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
    Mwani at Ethnologue (21st ed., 2018)
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Swahili (G.40)". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. Jouni Filip Maho, 2009. New Updated Guthrie List Online
  6. Mazrui, Ali Al'Amin. (1995). Swahili state and society : the political economy of an African language. East African Educational Publishers. ISBN 0-85255-729-9. OCLC 441402890. 
  7. Prins 1961