ᱯᱟᱣᱩᱞ ᱳᱞᱟᱯᱷ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
(ᱯᱟᱩᱞ ᱳᱞᱟᱯᱷ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱸᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱟᱹᱪᱩᱨ ᱦᱮᱡᱠᱟᱱᱟ)
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Paul Olaf Bodding
Monument to Paul Olaf Bodding at Gjøvik Church

ᱯᱟᱣᱩᱞ ᱳᱞᱟᱯᱷ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ( ᱒ ᱱᱚᱣᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱘᱖᱕- ᱒᱕ ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱑᱙᱓᱘ ) ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱲᱼᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱢᱤᱥᱱᱟᱨᱤ, ᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟᱵᱤᱛ and folklorist ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾[᱑]

ᱡᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱦᱱᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱣᱩᱞ ᱳᱞᱟᱯᱷ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ Gjøvik,Oppland, ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱰᱣᱟᱨᱰ ᱳᱞᱥᱮᱱ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ (᱑᱘᱒᱕-᱑᱙᱐᱕) ᱟᱨ ᱮᱸᱜᱟᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱮᱴᱡᱤ ᱮᱢᱤᱞᱤ ᱣᱮᱱᱮᱵᱷᱳᱞᱰ(᱑᱘᱓᱘-᱘᱙) ᱠᱟᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱟ.ᱠᱷᱨᱤᱸᱧ-ᱤᱡ ᱦᱚᱯᱚᱱ-ᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱠᱟᱱᱟ,ᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱡ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ-ᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱟ.ᱠᱷᱨᱤᱸᱧ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ Gjøvik ᱨᱮ,ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛᱤᱭᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲ ᱢᱤᱥᱚᱱ(The Indian Home Mission to the Santals),(later developed to the NELC) ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱᱤᱭᱟ. ᱞᱚᱥ ᱳᱞᱥᱮᱱ ᱥᱠᱨᱮᱯᱷᱥᱨᱚᱰ ᱥᱟᱝ ᱧᱟᱯᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱥᱠᱨᱮᱯᱷᱥᱚᱨᱰ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱦᱟ ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱞᱤᱞᱮᱦᱟᱢᱮᱨ, ᱳᱯᱞᱟᱱᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱭᱩᱱᱤᱵᱷᱟᱨᱥᱤᱴᱤ ᱳᱯᱷ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱴᱤᱟᱱᱤᱟ (now University of Oslo) ᱨᱮ ᱛᱷᱤᱭᱳᱞᱳᱡᱤ(theology) ᱚᱞᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱫ ᱟᱨ ᱑᱘᱘᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱨᱟᱡᱩᱮᱴ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ [᱒]

᱑᱘᱙᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤᱥᱛᱟᱱᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲ ᱯᱟᱨᱜᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱤᱥᱱᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱨᱤᱥᱴ(priest) ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱮᱞᱮᱫ ᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱐᱙ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱠᱨᱮᱯᱷᱥᱨᱚᱰ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱮᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ,ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱨᱣᱮᱱ ᱢᱤᱥᱱᱟᱨᱤ ᱚᱨᱜᱟᱱᱟᱭᱡᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱞᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱢᱤᱥᱚᱱ (Norwegian missionary organization Santaline Mission) (Den norske Santalmisjon) ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱠ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤᱦᱚᱨᱟ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱥᱟ.ᱨᱤ ᱞᱮᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱨᱮ ᱔᱔ ᱥᱟᱞ(᱑᱘᱘᱙-᱑᱙᱓᱓) ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱞᱮᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱤᱥᱮᱥ ᱨᱩᱯ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲ ᱯᱟᱨᱜᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱮᱞᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱰᱩᱢᱠᱟ. ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱾ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟ ᱚᱞ ᱞᱟ.ᱜᱤᱱ ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱤᱯᱤ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱡᱚᱜ ᱯᱩᱭᱞᱩ ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ Santali ᱚᱞ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱟᱭ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱑᱔ ᱨᱮ ᱤᱥᱟᱭ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱵᱟᱭᱵᱮᱞthe Bible ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱵᱷᱟᱥᱟ (ᱨᱳᱢᱟᱱ ᱞᱤᱯᱤ) ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟ.ᱨᱩ ᱠᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ [᱓]

ᱩᱱ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱱᱩᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲ ᱥᱟᱸᱣᱛᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱵᱚᱭᱜᱭᱟᱸᱱᱤᱠ(scientist) ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ and ᱟᱥᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱰᱟᱭ ᱞᱮᱫᱮᱭᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱓᱔ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱨᱩᱣᱟ.ᱲ ᱥᱮᱱ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱥᱠᱟᱱᱰᱤᱱᱟᱵᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱳᱰᱮᱱᱥᱮ, ᱰᱮᱱᱢᱟᱨᱠ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱩᱨᱤ ᱛᱟᱭ ᱠᱨᱤᱥᱴᱟᱭᱤᱱ ᱞᱟᱨᱥᱮᱱ(᱑᱘᱘᱓-᱑᱙᱔᱐) ᱥᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱥᱟ ᱥᱟ.ᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱰᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱑᱙᱓᱘ ᱨᱮ ᱜᱚᱡ ᱞᱮᱱᱟᱭ ᱾ [᱔]

ᱪᱮᱪᱤᱞ ᱦᱮᱱᱨᱤ ᱵᱳᱢᱯᱟᱥ Folklore of the Santal Parganas(London: D. Nutt, 1909) ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ-ᱮ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ,ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱤ.ᱳ.ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ-ᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱡ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱱ ᱠᱟ.ᱦᱱᱤ ᱢᱟᱞᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱫᱟ ᱾ Gjøvik ᱪᱚᱨᱪ ᱳᱯᱳᱞᱟᱱᱰ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱤ.ᱳ. ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ-ᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱩᱴᱷᱟ.ᱱ(monument) ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾

ᱠᱟ.ᱢᱤ ᱠᱟᱨᱱᱟᱢᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱤ.ᱳ.ᱵᱚᱰᱤᱝ ᱟᱜ ᱱᱤᱣᱟ. ᱠᱚ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱥᱚᱫᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱾

  • Materials for a Santali Grammar I, Dumka 1922
  • A Chapter of Santal Folklore, Oslo 1924
  • Santal Folk Tales (3 volumes), 1925–29
  • Studies in Santal Medicine and Connected Folklore (3 volumes), 1925–40
  • A Santal Dictionary (5 volumes), 1933–36
  • Santal Riddles and Witchcraft among the Santals, 1940

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Lutheranism

ᱡᱚᱯᱲᱟᱣ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. "Paul Olaf Bodding". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 1, 2018. 
  2. Torstein Jørgensen. "Paul Olaf Bodding". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 1, 2018. 
  3. "Den norske Santalmisjon". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 1, 2018. 
  4. "Linguist and ethnographer, Rev. Paul Olaf Bodding". University of Southern California. Retrieved ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 1, 2018. 

ᱵᱟ.ᱲᱛᱤ ᱥᱟ.ᱜᱟ.ᱭ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]