ᱴᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱮᱸᱜᱮᱞ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱴᱤᱨᱟᱹ ᱮᱸᱜᱮᱞ ᱵᱷᱮᱱᱩᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹᱱ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹ , ᱜᱩᱞᱟᱹᱭ ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱵᱷᱤᱛᱨᱭ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱜᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱠᱟᱵ ᱠᱚᱜᱼᱟ
PIA23791-Venus-NewlyProcessedView-20200608.jpg
A real-color image taken by Mariner 10 in newly processed view (8 June 2020); the surface is obscured by thick sulfuric acid clouds
Designations
Pronunciation /ˈvnəs/
Adjectives Venusian /vˈnjziən,_ʔʒən/,[᱑] rarely Cytherean /sɪθəˈrən/ [see][᱒] or Venerean / Venerian /vˈnɪəriən/[᱓]
Orbital characteristics[᱕][᱗]
Epoch J2000
Aphelion
  • 0.728213 AU
  • 108,939,000 km
Perihelion
  • 0.718440 AU
  • 107,477,000 km
  • 0.723332 AU
  • 108,208,000 km
Eccentricity 0.006772[᱔]
  • 224.701 d[᱕]
  • 0.615198 yr
  • 1.92 Venus solar day
583.92 days[᱕]
35.02 km/s
50.115°
Inclination
76.680°[᱔]
54.884°
Satellites None
Physical characteristics
Mean radius
  • 6,051.8±1.0 km[᱘]
  • 0.9499 Earths
Flattening 0[᱘]
  • 4.6023×108 km2
  • 0.902 Earths
Volume
  • 9.2843×1011 km3
  • 0.866 Earths
Mass
  • 4.8675×1024 kg[᱙]
  • 0.815 Earths
Mean density
5.243 g/cm3
  • 8.87 m/s2
  • 0.904 g
10.36 km/s (6.44 mi/s)[᱑᱐]
−243.025 d (retrograde)[᱕]
Equatorial rotation velocity
6.52 km/h (1.81 m/s)
2.64° (for retrograde rotation)
177.36° (to orbit)[᱕][note ᱑]
North pole right ascension
North pole declination
67.16°
Albedo
Surface temp. min mean max
Kelvin 737 K[᱕]
Celsius 464 °C
Fahrenheit 867 °F
−4.92 to −2.98[᱑᱔]
9.7″–66.0″[᱕]
Atmosphere[᱕]
Surface pressure
92 bar (9.2 MPa)
91 atm
Composition by volume
  1. Defining the rotation as retrograde, as done by NASA space missions and the USGS, puts Ishtar Terra in the northern hemisphere and makes the axial tilt 2.64°. Following the right-hand rule for prograde rotation puts Ishtar Terra in the southern hemisphere and makes the axial tilt 177.36°.

ᱵᱟᱷᱨᱤ ᱰᱷᱟᱸᱪᱟ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:Lexico
    ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:MW
  2. "Cytherean". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  3. "Venerean, Venerian". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. ᱥᱮᱯᱴᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2005.  (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named VSOP87
  5. ᱕.᱐ ᱕.᱑ ᱕.᱒ ᱕.᱓ ᱕.᱔ ᱕.᱕ ᱕.᱖ ᱕.᱗ ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named fact
  6. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named meanplane
  7. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named horizons
  8. ᱘.᱐ ᱘.᱑ ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Seidelmann2007
  9. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Konopliv1999
  10. "Planets and Pluto: Physical Characteristics". NASA. 5 ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2008. Retrieved 26 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2015. 
  11. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named iauwg_ccrsps2000
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  13. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Haus_et_al
  14. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named Mallama_and_Hilton

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