ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ
ᱨᱮᱢᱳ
ବଣ୍ଡା
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱙,᱐᱐᱐ (᱒᱐᱐᱒)[᱑]
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ[᱒]
ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-3 bfw
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ bond1245[᱓]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱳ ᱥᱮ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ᱾[᱔] ᱑᱙᱕᱑ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱒,᱕᱖᱘ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ᱾[᱕] ᱮᱥ.ᱟᱭ.ᱮᱞ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱒᱐᱐᱒ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱞᱠᱷᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱙,᱐᱐᱐ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱖]

ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱢᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱳ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱑] ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱯᱱᱟᱨ ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱨᱚᱯᱚᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱜᱮ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱟᱹᱜᱩ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱳ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱴᱳᱵᱽ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱩᱯᱩᱨᱼᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ, ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱳ ᱫᱚ ᱜᱩᱴᱳᱵᱽ-ᱨᱮᱢᱳ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱔]

ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱫᱚ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱢ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱦᱟᱛᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱛᱮ, ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱛᱮ "ᱨᱮᱢᱳ" ᱠᱚ ᱦᱚᱦᱚ ᱡᱚᱸᱜᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱛᱚᱨᱡᱚᱢᱟ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱚᱲ/ᱢᱟᱹᱱᱢᱤ, ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱢᱩᱬ ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱜᱮ, ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱚ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱮ "ᱨᱮᱢᱳᱥᱟᱢ" ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱛᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱗]

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱪᱷᱮᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱞᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ (ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ) ᱟᱨ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ (ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ)᱾[᱔]

ᱯᱞᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱞᱠᱟᱱᱜᱤᱨᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱠᱷᱟᱭᱨᱯᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱓᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱛᱩ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱑᱙᱔᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱒,᱕᱖᱕ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱯᱞᱮᱱ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱮᱞ ᱫᱚ ᱑᱙᱗᱑ ᱨᱮ ᱰᱷᱮᱨ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱔,᱗᱖᱔ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱒᱐᱐᱒ ᱦᱟᱹᱵᱤᱫ ᱓,᱕᱐᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱫᱚᱢ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱟ᱾[᱖]

ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱨᱮᱢᱳ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱮᱭᱯᱩᱨ ᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ᱾[᱔] ᱒᱐᱐᱒ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱤᱥᱟᱹᱵᱽ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱕,᱕᱗᱐ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱖]

ᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱥᱚᱜᱥᱮᱞᱮᱡ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱟᱦᱟ ᱟᱲᱟᱝᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ :/a, e, i, o, u/᱾[᱘]

ᱨᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢ.ᱡ.ᱠ (ᱢᱩᱛᱟᱹᱱ-ᱡᱚᱛᱚᱥ-ᱠᱟᱱᱣᱟ) ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ ᱜᱟᱵᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜ ᱜᱮᱭᱟ᱾[᱙]

ᱟᱹᱲᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ
baʔ ᱵᱟᱵᱟ
iyɔŋ ᱟᱭᱚ
remɔ ᱦᱚᱲ
mpɔr ᱡᱟᱶᱟᱭ
kunui ᱵᱟᱹᱦᱩ
bɔrai ᱠᱟᱹᱠᱤ
busã ᱠᱟᱠᱟ
tata ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱢᱵᱟ
ya/iya ᱵᱩᱰᱤ ᱜᱚ/ᱢᱟᱢᱟ ᱜᱚ
maŋ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱫᱟᱫᱟ
miŋ ᱫᱟᱹᱭ
ileʔǐ ᱜᱚᱲᱚᱢ ᱜᱤᱫᱽᱨᱟᱹ
masɔ ᱵᱷᱟᱹᱜᱽᱱᱟᱹ

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  3. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bondo". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ᱔.᱐ ᱔.᱑ ᱔.᱒ ᱔.᱓ Anderson, Gregory (2008). The Munda Languages. New York: Routledge. pp. 557–631. ISBN 9780415328906. 
  5. N. Gopalakrishnan, Linguistic Survey of India, p. 271
  6. ᱖.᱐ ᱖.᱑ ᱖.᱒ "Bondo". Ethnologue. Retrieved 2017-05-04. 
  7. Dash, Jagannatha; Pati, Rabindra (2002). Tribal and Indigenous People of India: Problems and Prospects. New Delhi: APH Publishing Corporation. pp. 136–144. ISBN 978-8176483223. 
  8. DeArmond, Richard (1976). "Proto-Gutob-Remo-Gtaq Stressed Monosyllabic Vowels and Initial Consonants". Oceanic Linguistics Special Publications. 13 (13): 213–217. JSTOR 20019157. 
  9. ᱛᱩᱢᱟᱹᱞ ᱦᱩᱲᱟᱹᱜ:Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named :1