ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ
Mon–Khmer
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ
ᱪᱷᱮᱨ
Southeast, South, and East Asia
ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ One of the world's primary language families
ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳᱼᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ Proto-Austroasiatic
ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱖᱓᱙ᱼ᱕ aav
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ aust1305[᱑]
Austroasiatic-en.svg
Austroasiatic languages

ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ, ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱪᱟᱹᱞᱩ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ‌ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱑᱑᱗ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ, ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱳᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱬᱮ ᱚᱞᱼᱛᱚᱞ ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜ ᱫᱤᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱞᱤ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ (ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱢᱵᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮ ) ᱾ ᱢᱳᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱱᱢᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱣᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱱᱢᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱣᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱒᱒ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱥᱤᱰᱤᱭᱩᱞ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱡᱟᱹᱛᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ (minority) ᱠᱚᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱵᱟᱹᱱᱩᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱮᱛᱷᱱᱳᱞᱚᱜᱽ ᱑᱖᱘ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱯ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡ ᱜᱮᱞᱯᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱨᱟᱱᱥᱡᱤᱥᱮᱱᱟᱞᱤ (traditionally) ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱜᱟᱫᱮᱞ, ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱝ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱚᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱹᱰᱤᱜᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚᱛᱮ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱴᱟᱭᱯᱳᱞᱳᱡᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱯᱳᱭᱞᱳ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱢᱟᱹᱱ ᱠᱚ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ : ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝᱼᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ, ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱼᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱠᱚᱵᱚᱨ ᱫᱤᱯᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ, ᱟᱨ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱪᱮᱫ ᱯᱨᱚᱢᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱪᱷᱟᱯᱟ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳ ‑ ᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ 
 ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ 

ᱨᱮᱢᱳ

ᱥᱟᱵᱷᱟᱨᱟ

ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱡᱩᱣᱟᱝ

ᱠᱳᱨᱠᱩ

ᱠᱷᱮᱨᱣᱟᱲᱤ

 ᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤ – ᱠᱷᱢᱩᱪ 

ᱠᱷᱢᱩᱪ

ᱯᱟᱠᱟᱱᱤᱠ

ᱯᱟᱞᱣᱩᱱᱜᱤᱠ

ᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ

 (Nuclear)  ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ 

ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱤᱠ

?[᱒]

ᱠᱟᱛᱩᱭᱤᱠ

ᱵᱟᱦᱱᱟᱨᱤᱠ

ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ

ᱯᱤᱭᱟᱨᱤᱠ

ᱱᱤᱠᱳᱵᱳᱨᱤᱥ

ᱟᱥᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ

ᱢᱳᱱᱤᱠ

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱛᱮ,

  • ᱠᱳᱨᱟᱯᱩᱴ: ᱗ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱠᱳᱨᱮ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱠᱷᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱᱼᱡᱩᱣᱟᱝ: ᱒ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
ᱠᱳᱨᱠᱩ
ᱠᱷᱮᱨᱣᱟᱲᱤ: ᱑᱒ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱭᱟᱱ: ᱓ ᱮᱛᱚᱢᱼᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱰᱮᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱠᱚᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ
  • ᱯᱟᱞᱟᱣᱩᱱᱜᱳ-ᱠᱷᱢᱩᱭᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱠᱷᱢᱩᱭᱤᱠ: ᱞᱟᱣᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱓ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱯᱟᱞᱟᱣᱩᱱᱜᱳ-ᱯᱟᱠᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
ᱯᱟᱠᱟᱱᱤᱠ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱟᱞᱭᱩ: ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱔ - ᱕ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
ᱯᱟᱞᱣᱩᱱᱜᱤᱠ: ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱱᱢᱟᱨ, ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱒᱑ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • Nuclear ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨᱳ-ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱨᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ (ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ ᱥᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ)
  • ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱳ-ᱠᱟᱛᱩᱭᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ?[᱒]
ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱤᱠ: ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱣᱚᱥ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱸ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱩᱫᱽ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ
ᱠᱟᱛᱩᱭᱤᱠ: ᱞᱟᱣᱚᱥ, ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱙ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
  • ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨᱳ-ᱵᱟᱦᱱᱟᱨᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
  • ᱵᱟᱦᱱᱟᱨᱤᱠ: ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ, ᱞᱟᱣᱚᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱮᱢᱵᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱔᱐ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ
  • ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢ, ᱠᱮᱢᱵᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱠᱚ
ᱯᱮᱭᱟᱨᱤᱠ: ᱠᱮᱢᱵᱳᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱖ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱾
  • ᱱᱤᱠᱳ-ᱢᱳᱱᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ (ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱢᱳᱱᱼᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ)
  • ᱟᱥᱞᱤ-ᱢᱳᱱᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ
ᱟᱥᱞᱤᱭᱟᱱ: ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱚᱭᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟ ᱩᱯᱚᱫᱤᱯ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱙ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱾
ᱢᱳᱱᱤᱠ: ᱒ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ, ᱢᱤᱭᱟᱱᱢᱟᱨ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱢᱳᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱱᱟᱭᱟᱠᱤᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱵᱟᱹᱜᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮᱡ, ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ, ᱛᱷᱟᱭ, ᱞᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱚᱨᱢᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮᱠᱚ ᱚᱞᱟ ᱾ ᱪᱟᱭᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱛᱟᱦᱮ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱒᱐ ᱥᱟᱭ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱞᱟᱛᱤᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱤᱪᱟᱹᱨ ᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱫᱽ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱮᱵᱦᱟᱨᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱠᱚᱫᱚ :

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱟᱨᱦᱚᱸ ᱧᱮᱞ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Austroasiatic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ Sidwell (2005) casts doubt on Diffloth's Vieto-Katuic hypothesis, saying that the evidence is ambiguous, and that it is not clear where Katuic belongs in the family.
  3. "Vietnamese Chu Nom script". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 11 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2012. 
  4. "Khmer/Cambodian alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Archived from the original on 13 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2012. Retrieved 11 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2012.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  5. "Santali alphabet, pronunciation and language". Omniglot.com. Retrieved 11 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2012. 
  6. Everson, Michael (19 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2012). "N4259: Final proposal for encoding the Warang Citi script in the SMP of the UCS" (PDF). Retrieved 20 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2016. 
  7. "Sorang Sompeng script". Omniglot.com. 18 ᱡᱩᱱ 1936. Retrieved 11 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2012.