ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ
ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟᱭᱤᱠ
ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ
ᱪᱷᱮᱨ
ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ
ᱯᱟᱹᱱᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ
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ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳᱼᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳ-ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ
ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ
ᱟᱭᱮᱥᱳ ᱖᱓᱙ᱼ᱒ / mun
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ mund1335[᱑]
Munda languages map.svg
ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱨᱮᱱ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱠᱳᱴᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱒][᱓] ᱱᱟᱜᱟᱢᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱳᱞᱟᱨᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱪᱟᱸᱜᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱮᱛ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱳᱱ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱢᱮᱨ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱤᱭᱮᱛᱱᱟᱢᱤ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱛᱷᱟᱭᱞᱮᱱᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱟᱣᱚᱥ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱥᱤᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱱᱡᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱔] ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ, ᱦᱳ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟᱨᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱩᱥᱴᱤ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱕][᱖][᱒]

ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱩᱬᱩᱛ ᱵᱟᱨᱭᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱜᱟᱱᱚᱜᱼᱟ : ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ, ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱲ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱪᱷᱳᱴᱳᱱᱟᱜᱽᱯᱩᱨ ᱞᱩᱜᱷᱩᱵᱩᱨᱩ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱫᱚᱥᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱫᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱢᱟ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ ᱟᱨ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱤᱢᱟᱹ ᱟᱸᱰᱮᱯᱟᱥᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ᱾[᱗][᱘][᱒]

ᱠᱚᱸᱭᱮ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ, ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾ ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ, ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟᱨᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱦᱳ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱧᱟᱢᱚᱜᱼᱟ, ᱚᱱᱟ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱠᱳᱨᱠᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱳᱨᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾ ᱵᱟᱹᱠᱤ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱛ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱠᱚᱢ ᱜᱮ ᱵᱟᱲᱟᱭᱚᱜᱼᱟ᱾[᱒]

ᱥᱤᱨᱡᱚᱱ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱛᱤ ᱚᱠᱛᱚ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ

ᱯᱚᱞ ᱥᱤᱰᱣᱮᱞ (᱒᱐᱑᱘) ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱥᱟᱬᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱠᱚᱣᱟᱜ ᱦᱩᱫᱤᱥ ᱯᱛᱳᱴᱳ-ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱥᱮᱫ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱪᱤᱱ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳ-ᱚᱥᱴᱨᱳᱼᱮᱥᱤᱭᱟᱴᱤᱠ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱵᱷᱮᱜᱟᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱢᱫᱟᱡᱽ ᱔᱐᱐᱐-᱓᱕᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱱᱤᱛᱚᱜ ᱟᱜ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱤᱱᱫᱳᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱢᱟᱭᱜᱽᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾[᱙]

ᱵᱞᱮᱸᱪ (᱒᱐᱑᱙)[᱑᱐] ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱨᱟᱣ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱰᱣᱮᱞ (᱒᱐᱑᱙)[᱑᱑][᱑᱒] ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱤᱱ ᱮᱸᱜᱮᱫ (ᱥᱟᱡᱮᱥᱴ) ᱠᱤᱱ ᱮᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱮᱛᱚᱦᱚᱵ-ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳ-ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱤᱥᱩ ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑,᱕᱐᱐ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱢᱟᱲᱟᱝ ᱨᱮ ᱚᱛᱼᱦᱟᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱫᱚᱨᱮᱭᱟ ᱦᱚᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱱᱚᱫᱤ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱵᱮᱰᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱮᱡ ᱥᱮᱴᱮᱨ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾ ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱭᱚᱢ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱱᱚᱫᱤ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱞᱮᱱᱟ᱾

ᱦᱟᱹᱯᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱚᱬᱮ ᱜᱚᱴᱟᱱ ᱜᱟᱞᱚᱪᱟᱱ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱦᱟᱹᱴᱤᱧ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ, ᱛᱚᱵᱮ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱞᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱤᱫᱤ ᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ ᱨᱟᱯᱟᱪᱟᱜ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ᱾

ᱰᱤᱯᱷᱞᱳᱛᱷ (᱑᱙᱗᱔)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱰᱤᱯᱷᱞᱳᱛᱷ (᱒᱐᱐᱕)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ (᱑᱙᱙᱙)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱮᱱᱰᱟᱨᱥᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱑)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱰᱣᱮᱞ (᱒᱐᱑᱕)[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱲ (᱒᱐᱑᱑) ᱴᱷᱟᱶ
ᱠᱳᱨᱣᱟ ᱒᱘,᱔᱐᱐ ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱲ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ
ᱵᱤᱨᱡᱤᱭᱟ ᱒᱕,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
ᱢᱩᱱᱰᱟᱨᱤ (ᱵᱷᱩᱢᱤᱡᱽ ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ) ᱑,᱖᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ
ᱚᱥᱩᱨ ᱗,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱲ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
ᱦᱳ ᱑,᱔᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
ᱵᱤᱨᱦᱚᱲ ᱒,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ
ᱥᱟᱱᱛᱟᱲᱤ ᱗,᱔᱐᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱲ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ
ᱛᱩᱨᱤ ᱒,᱐᱐᱐ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ
ᱠᱳᱨᱠᱩ ᱗᱒᱗,᱐᱐᱐ ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱢᱚᱦᱟᱨᱟᱥᱴᱨᱚ
ᱠᱷᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟ ᱒᱙᱘,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱲ
ᱡᱩᱣᱟᱝ ᱓᱐,᱔᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
ᱜᱮᱛᱟᱹ ᱔,᱕᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
ᱵᱳᱱᱰᱟ ᱙,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
ᱜᱩᱴᱳᱵᱽ 10,000 ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
ᱜᱳᱨᱩᱢ ᱒᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
ᱥᱳᱨᱟ ᱔᱑᱐,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱟᱱᱫᱷᱨᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ
ᱡᱩᱨᱟᱭ ᱒᱕,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ
ᱞᱳᱫᱷᱤ ᱒᱕,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ
ᱠᱳᱰᱟ ᱔᱗,᱓᱐᱐ ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ

ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱤᱰᱣᱮᱞ ᱟᱨ ᱨᱟᱣ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ (᱒᱐᱑᱕:᱓᱑᱙,᱓᱔᱐-᱓᱖᱓) ᱱᱚᱣᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱨᱳᱴᱳ-ᱨᱩᱯ ᱛᱮᱭᱟᱨ ᱨᱩᱣᱟᱹᱲ ᱦᱩᱭᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ᱾[᱑᱓]

ᱵᱟᱨᱦᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱢᱮ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  • Gregory D S Anderson, ed. (2008). Munda Languages. Routledge Language Family Series. 3. Routledge. ISBN 978-0-415-32890-6. 
  • Anderson, Gregory D S (2007). The Munda verb: typological perspectives. Trends in linguistics. 174. Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter. ISBN 978-3-11-018965-0. 
  • Anderson, Gregory D. S. (2015). "Prosody, phonological domains and the structure of roots, stems and words in the Munda languages in a comparative/historical light". Journal of South Asian Languages and Linguistics 2. 2: 163–183. 
  • Donegan, Patricia; David Stampe (2002). South-East Asian Features in the Munda Languages: Evidence for the Analytic-to-Synthetic Drift of Munda. In Patrick Chew, ed., Proceedings of the 28th Annual Meeting of the Berkeley Linguistics Society, Special Session on Tibeto-Burman and Southeast Asian Linguistics, in honour of Prof. James A. Matisoff. 111-129. Berkeley, CA: Berkeley Linguistics Society. 
  • Śarmā, Devīdatta (2003). Munda: sub-stratum of Tibeto-Himalayan languages. Studies in Tibeto-Himalayan languages. 7. New Delhi: Mittal Publications. ISBN 81-7099-860-3. 
  • Newberry, J (2000). North Munda hieroglyphics. Victoria BC CA: J Newberry. 
  • Varma, Siddheshwar (1978). Munda and Dravidian languages: a linguistic analysis. Hoshiarpur: Vishveshvaranand Vishva Bandhu Institute of Sanskrit and Indological Studies, Panjab University. OCLC 25852225. 
  • 2006-a. Munda Languages. In E. K. Brown (ed.) Encyclopedia of Languages and Linguistics. Oxford: Elsevier Press.
  • Zide, Norman H. and G. D. S. Anderson. 1999. The Proto-Munda Verb and Some Connections with Mon-Khmer. In P. Bhaskararao (ed.) Working Papers International Symposium on South Asian Languages Contact and Convergence, and Typology. Tokyo. pp. 401–21.
  • Zide, Norman H. and Gregory D. S. Anderson. 2001. The Proto-Munda Verb: Some Connections with Mon-Khmer. In K. V. Subbarao and P. Bhaskararao (eds.) Yearbook of South-Asian Languages and Linguistics-2001. Delhi: Sage Publications. pp. 517–40.
  • Gregory D. S. Anderson and John P. Boyle. 2002. Switch-Reference in South Munda. In Marlys A. Macken (ed.) Papers from the 10th Annual Meeting of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society. Tempe, AZ: Arizona State University, South East Asian Studies Program, Monograph Series Press. pp. 39–54.
  • Gregory D. S. Anderson and Norman H. Zide. 2001. Recent Advances in the Reconstruction of the Proto-Munda Verb. In L. Brinton (ed.) Historical Linguistics 1999. Amsterdam: Benjamins. pp. 13–30.
Historical migrations

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱟᱹᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Mundaic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ ᱒.᱒ ᱒.᱓ Anderson, Gregory D. S. (29 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017), "Munda Languages", Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics, Oxford University Press, doi:10.1093/acrefore/9780199384655.013.37, ISBN 978-0-19-938465-5 
  3. Hock, Hans Henrich; Bashir, Elena, eds. (23 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2016). The Languages and Linguistics of South Asia. doi:10.1515/9783110423303. ISBN 9783110423303. 
  4. Bradley (2012) notes, MK in the wider sense including the Munda languages of eastern South Asia is also known as Austroasiatic
  5. Pinnow, Heinz-Jurgen. "A comparative study of the verb in Munda language" (PDF). Sealang.com. Retrieved 22 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2015. 
  6. Daladier, Anne. "Kinship and Spirit Terms Renewed as Classifiers of "Animate" Nouns and Their Reduced Combining Forms in Austroasiatic". Elanguage. Retrieved 22 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2015. 
  7. Bhattacharya, S. (1975). "Munda studies: A new classification of Munda". Indo-Iranian Journal. 17 (1): 97–101. doi:10.1163/000000075794742852. ISSN 1572-8536. 
  8. "Munda languages". The Language Gulper. Retrieved 14 ᱢᱮ 2019. 
  9. Sidwell, Paul. 2018. Austroasiatic Studies: state of the art in 2018. Presentation at the Graduate Institute of Linguistics, National Tsing Hua University, Taiwan, 22 May 2018.
  10. Blench, Roger. 2019. The Munda maritime dispersal: when, where and what is the evidence?
  11. Rau, Felix; Sidwell, Paul (2019). "The Munda Maritime Hypothesis". Journal of the Southeast Asian Linguistics Society (JSEALS). 12 (2). hdl:10524/52454. ISSN 1836-6821. 
  12. Rau, Felix and Paul Sidwell 2019. "The Maritime Munda Hypothesis." ICAAL 8, Chiang Mai, Thailand, 29–31 August 2019. doi:10.5281/zenodo.3365316
  13. Sidwell, Paul and Felix Rau (2015). "Austroasiatic Comparative-Historical Reconstruction: An Overview." In Jenny, Mathias and Paul Sidwell, eds (2015). The Handbook of Austroasiatic Languages. Leiden: Brill.