ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
Jump to navigation Jump to search
ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ
Kurux, Oraon
कुड़ुख़, কুড়ুখ, କୁଡ଼ୁଖ
Kurukh in Tolong Siki.png
ᱛᱳᱞᱳᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱪᱤᱠᱤ ᱛᱮ 'ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ' ᱚᱞ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱴᱷᱟᱶ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱮᱞᱟᱠᱟ ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ, ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ[᱑]
ᱡᱟᱹᱛ
ᱡᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ
᱒.᱒᱘ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ (᱒᱐᱐᱒-᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱒][᱑][᱓]
ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ
  • ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ
    • ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ–ᱢᱟᱞᱴᱚ
      • ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ
Dialects
ᱚᱞ ᱛᱚᱦᱚᱨ
ᱛᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ
ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ
ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱵᱟᱱᱱᱟ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱚᱛ
ᱟᱹᱢᱟᱹᱞᱮᱛ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱴᱚᱴᱷᱟ

 ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱳᱰ
ISO 639-2 kru
ISO 639-3 kru – inclusive code
Individual code:
xis – Kisan
ᱜᱽᱞᱚᱴᱴᱚᱞᱚᱜᱽ kuru1301[᱔]

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ[᱕] ᱫᱚ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ, ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱵᱤᱦᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱟᱨ ᱢᱤᱞᱤᱭᱚᱱ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱟᱹᱫᱤᱵᱟᱹᱥᱤ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱨᱚᱲᱼᱮᱫ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ, ᱥᱟᱶᱛᱮ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟᱫᱮᱥ ᱨᱮ ᱖᱕,᱐᱐᱐, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱒᱘,᱖᱐᱐ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱷᱩᱴᱟᱱ ᱨᱮ ᱕,᱐᱐᱐ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫ ᱾ ᱛᱟᱨᱟ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱛᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱨᱚᱦᱩᱭ ᱟᱨ ᱢᱟᱞᱴᱳ (ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤ) ᱥᱟᱞᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱨ ᱛᱮ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱛᱟᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱭᱩᱱᱮᱥᱠᱚ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱞᱩᱯᱛᱯᱨᱟᱭ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱩᱪᱤ ᱨᱮ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ "ᱞᱚᱦᱚᱡᱩᱲᱤ" ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱪᱤᱱᱦᱟᱹᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱖] ᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱨᱤᱡ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱒᱐᱖,᱑᱐᱐ ᱨᱚᱨᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱛᱷᱚᱠ ᱵᱷᱤᱵᱟᱜᱽ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱜᱷᱟᱨᱚᱸᱡᱽ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱧᱮ ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ,[᱗] ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱣᱨᱤᱭᱟ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱠᱩᱢᱟᱨᱵᱷᱟᱜᱽ ᱯᱟᱦᱟᱲᱤᱭᱟ ᱥᱟᱶ ᱥᱟᱹᱜᱟᱹᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜᱼᱟ,[᱘]

ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ

ᱚᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱮᱵᱽᱱᱟᱜᱽᱨᱤ ᱛᱮ ᱚᱞ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱥᱚᱸᱥᱠᱨᱤᱛ, ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱤ, ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱴᱷᱤ, ᱱᱮᱯᱟᱞᱤ ᱟᱨ ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱤᱱᱰᱚᱼᱟᱨᱡᱚ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱚᱞ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱵᱮᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱑᱙᱙᱙ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ, ᱢᱤᱫ ᱰᱚᱠᱴᱚᱨ ᱱᱟᱨᱟᱭᱚᱬ ᱩᱨᱟᱶ ᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱮ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱛᱮ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱜᱟᱱ ᱯᱚᱛᱚᱵ ᱠᱚ ᱵᱮᱱᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱱᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱒᱐᱐᱗ ᱥᱟᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨᱤ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱶᱮ ᱧᱟᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱫᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱥᱟᱦᱤᱛᱭᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱜᱤᱫ ᱛᱮ ᱴᱚᱞᱚᱝ ᱥᱤᱠᱤ ᱦᱚᱨᱚᱯ ᱯᱟᱥᱱᱟᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱞᱤᱴᱨᱮᱨᱤ ᱥᱚᱥᱟᱭᱴᱤ ᱳᱯᱷ ᱤᱱᱰᱤᱭᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱟᱹᱠᱛᱤᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱟᱴ ᱮ ᱫᱮᱠᱷᱟᱣ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚᱜ ᱪᱷᱟᱨᱟᱣ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱭᱜᱚᱲ, ᱥᱟᱨᱜᱩᱡᱟ, ᱡᱚᱥᱯᱩᱨ, ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱜᱩᱢᱞᱟ, ᱨᱟᱺᱪᱤ, ᱞᱚᱦᱟᱨᱫᱟᱜᱟ, ᱞᱟᱛᱮᱦᱟᱨ, ᱥᱤᱢᱰᱮᱜᱟ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱥᱩᱜᱩᱰᱟ, ᱥᱩᱱᱫᱚᱨᱜᱚᱲ ᱟᱨ ᱥᱚᱢᱵᱚᱞᱯᱩᱨ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱾

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱟᱥᱟᱢ, ᱛᱨᱤᱯᱩᱨᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱞᱯᱟᱭᱜᱩᱲᱤ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱦᱚᱸ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲ ᱮᱫᱼᱟ, ᱰᱮᱦᱮᱨ ᱛᱮᱫ ᱪᱟᱭ ᱵᱟᱜᱟᱱ ᱨᱮᱠᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱢᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾[᱑]

ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱜᱩᱴ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱑,᱖᱓᱔,᱐᱐᱐ ᱳᱨᱟᱶ ᱟᱨ ᱒᱑᱙,᱐᱐᱐ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱦᱚᱛᱮᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱨᱚᱲᱮᱫᱼᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾ ᱒᱓% ᱫᱚ ᱳᱨᱟᱶ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ, ᱟᱨ ᱑᱖% ᱫᱚ ᱠᱤᱥᱟᱱ ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ ᱟᱨ ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱤᱱᱤᱡ ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱛᱷᱟᱯᱚᱱ ᱠᱮᱜᱼᱟ ᱠᱤᱱ ᱡᱟᱦᱟᱸ ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱯᱟᱹᱴᱷᱩᱣᱟᱹ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱥᱟᱸᱜᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾

ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱠᱩᱨᱩᱠᱷ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱡᱷᱟᱨᱠᱷᱚᱸᱰ, ᱪᱷᱚᱛᱤᱥᱜᱚᱰ, ᱢᱚᱫᱷᱭᱚ ᱯᱨᱚᱫᱮᱥ, ᱳᱰᱤᱥᱟ, ᱯᱚᱪᱷᱤᱢ ᱵᱟᱝᱞᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱟᱥᱟᱢ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱟᱥᱲᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱤᱫ ᱥᱟᱛᱟᱢ ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱛᱮ ᱠᱚ ᱯᱟᱲᱦᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱚ ᱾[᱙]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

  1. ᱑.᱐ ᱑.᱑ ᱑.᱒ "Kurux". Ethnologue (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  2. "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 2018-07-07. 
  3. "Kurux, Nepali". Ethnologue (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2018-07-11. 
  4. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Kurux". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  5. http://glottolog.org/resource/languoid/id/nepa1253
  6. Evans, Lisa. "Endangered Languages: The Full List". The Guardian. 
  7. Stassen, Leon (1997). Intransitive Predication. Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory. Oxford University Press. p. 220. ISBN 978-0199258932. 
  8. PS Subrahmanyam, "Kurukh", in ELL2. Ethnologue assigns Nepali Kurux a separate iso code, kxl.
  9. Revitalising a language - The Hindu

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱫᱨᱟᱵᱤᱲ ᱯᱟᱹᱨᱥᱤ ᱠᱚ