ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ

ᱣᱤᱠᱤᱯᱤᱰᱤᱭᱟ, ᱨᱟᱲᱟ ᱜᱮᱭᱟᱱ ᱯᱩᱛᱷᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ
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ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ
Gurudwara Sri Dukhniwaran Sahib, Clock Tower, Gurudwara Shri Manji Sahib Alamgir, Lodhi Fort, Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum, Shri Krishna Mandir and Guru Nanak Dev Bhavan, Tiger Safari
Gurudwara Sri Dukhniwaran Sahib, Clock Tower, Gurudwara Shri Manji Sahib Alamgir, Lodhi Fort, Maharaja Ranjit Singh War Museum, Shri Krishna Mandir and Guru Nanak Dev Bhavan, Tiger Safari
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ is located in Punjab
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ is located in India
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ is located in Asia
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
Coordinates: 30°55′N 75°51′E / 30.91°N 75.85°E / 30.91; 75.85Coordinates: 30°55′N 75°51′E / 30.91°N 75.85°E / 30.91; 75.85
ᱫᱤᱥᱚᱢ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛ
ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ
ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ
ᱛᱚᱦᱥᱤᱞ

ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱯᱟᱪᱮ

ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱟᱢᱟᱝ
ᱥᱚᱨᱠᱟᱨ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱟᱱ Mayor–Council
 • ᱪᱟᱪᱞᱟᱣ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱱᱚᱜᱚᱨ ᱱᱤᱜᱟᱢ
 • Mayor Balkar Sandhu[᱑] (INC)
ᱮᱨᱤᱭᱟ
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ 310 ᱠᱤᱢᱤ (120 ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱭᱤᱞ)
ᱩᱥᱩᱞ 262 ᱢᱤᱴᱚᱨ (860 ᱯᱷᱩᱴ)
ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱡᱚᱠᱷᱟ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ (᱒᱐᱑᱑)[᱒]
 • ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟᱜᱩᱴ ᱑,᱖᱑᱘,᱘᱗᱙
 • ᱫᱷᱟᱹᱲ ᱮᱞ 22nd
 • ᱰᱮᱱᱥᱤᱴᱤ 5200/ᱠᱤᱢᱤ2 (14000/ᱜᱟᱺᱴ ᱢᱟᱹᱭᱤᱞ)
Demonym(s) Ludhianvi
IST (ᱭᱩᱴᱤᱥᱤ+5:30)
ᱯᱤᱱ ᱠᱳᱰ Multiple 141001-141016
Telephone code 0161
ᱜᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱨᱤᱡᱤᱥᱴᱨᱤ PB-10, PB-91
ᱣᱮᱵᱽᱥᱟᱭᱤᱴ http://www.ludhiana.nic.in/


ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱟᱨ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱡᱤᱞᱟᱹ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱩᱱᱤᱥᱤᱯᱟᱞ ᱠᱚᱨᱯᱚᱨᱮᱥᱚᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱯᱚᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱡᱚᱛᱚ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱢᱟᱨᱟᱝ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱟᱭᱛᱟᱱ ᱼᱫᱚ 310 sq. km ᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ 1,618,879 as of the ᱜᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸᱱ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱒] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱩᱛᱞᱮᱡᱽ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱟᱲᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱟᱦᱟᱜᱟᱜ ᱰᱷᱤᱯ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ 13 kilometres (8.1 mi) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱟᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱟᱹᱨᱜᱟᱲ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱭᱩᱹ ᱠᱮ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱵᱤ ᱵᱤ ᱥᱤ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱢᱟᱧᱪᱮᱥᱴᱚᱨ ᱢᱮᱱᱛᱮ ᱮ ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ [᱓] ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱥᱢᱟᱨᱴ ᱥᱤᱴᱤ ᱛᱟᱹᱠᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱛᱟᱦᱮᱸ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱵᱮᱸᱠ ᱮ ᱢᱮᱱ ᱟᱠᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱡᱮ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱟᱞᱜᱟ ᱦᱟ ᱾ ᱠᱷᱟᱡᱽᱱᱟ ᱮᱢᱚᱜ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱷᱟᱨᱚᱛ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱑ ᱱᱚᱢᱵᱚᱨ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱵᱟᱱᱤᱡᱽ ᱵᱮᱯᱟᱨ ᱮᱦᱚᱵᱽ ᱨᱮᱫᱚ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ (᱗)ᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱮᱱᱠ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱔]

ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱪᱚᱱᱰᱤᱜᱚᱰ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱨᱟᱡᱽᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ 107 kilometres (66 mi) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱮᱱ ᱮᱪ ᱙᱕, ᱮᱱ ᱮᱪ ᱔᱔, ᱮᱱ ᱮᱪ ᱵᱷᱤᱲᱟᱹᱣ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱮᱱ ᱮᱪ ᱠᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱱᱟᱣᱟ ᱫᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱢᱨᱤᱛᱥᱚᱨ ᱪᱟᱞᱟᱣ ᱟᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱤᱞᱤ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ 315 km (194 miles) ᱥᱟ:ᱜᱤᱧ ᱩᱛᱟᱹᱨ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱨ ᱚᱢᱨᱤᱛᱥᱚᱨ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ 142 km (88 miles) ᱥᱟᱺᱜᱤᱧ ᱫᱟᱹᱠᱷᱤᱱ ᱯᱩᱨᱩᱵᱽ ᱱᱟᱠᱷᱟ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱚᱛᱱᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱚᱵᱚᱥᱛᱟᱱ ᱫᱚ 30°54′N 75°51′E / 30.9°N 75.85°E / 30.9; 75.85 [᱕] ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱫᱚᱨᱭᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱᱟᱜ 244 metres (798 ft) ᱩᱥᱩᱞ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ ᱾

ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱫᱩᱨᱜᱚ ᱫᱚ ᱢᱟᱨᱮ ᱜᱟᱰᱟ ᱫᱷᱟᱨᱮ ᱨᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ-ᱟ, ᱱᱮᱛᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱴᱮᱠᱥᱴᱟᱭᱤᱞ ᱤᱧᱡᱤᱱᱤᱭᱯᱨᱤᱝ ᱚᱲᱟᱜ ᱞᱮᱠᱟ ᱛᱮ ᱢᱮᱱᱚᱜᱚᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾

ᱦᱚᱲ ᱮᱞ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱥᱚᱦᱚᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ[᱖]
ᱫᱷᱚᱨᱚᱢ ᱥᱟᱭᱠᱚᱲᱟ
ᱦᱤᱱᱫᱩ
65.96%
ᱥᱤᱠᱷ
28.75%
ᱤᱥᱞᱟᱢ
2.81%
ᱤᱥᱟᱭ
0.68%
ᱮᱴᱟᱜ ᱠᱚ
1.70%


᱒᱐᱑᱑ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱚᱝᱥᱟᱨ ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱞᱮᱠᱷᱟ ᱜᱩᱴ ᱑,᱖᱑᱘,᱘᱗᱙ ᱮᱞ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱚᱣᱟ ᱾ [᱒] ᱱᱚᱰᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱥᱟᱠᱷᱭᱚᱨ ᱦᱟᱨ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱘᱒ᱹ᱕᱐ ᱥᱟᱭᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱾ [᱗] ᱚᱱᱟ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱙᱕᱐,᱑᱒᱓ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱚᱲᱟ ᱟᱨ ᱗᱔᱓,᱕᱓᱐ ᱫᱚ ᱠᱩᱲᱤ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱠᱚ ᱾ [᱒]

ᱠᱟᱹᱣᱰᱤ ᱟᱹᱨᱤ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱮᱪᱮᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱤᱡᱩᱜ ᱥᱮᱱᱚᱜ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱚᱲᱚᱠ ᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱨᱮᱞ ᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ ᱦᱚᱨ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱧᱩᱛᱩᱢᱟᱱ ᱦᱚᱲ ᱠᱚ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱦᱚᱭ ᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱱᱚᱰᱮ ᱫᱚ ᱥᱤᱛᱩᱝ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ, ᱨᱟᱵᱟᱝ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱟᱨ ᱡᱟᱹᱯᱩᱫ ᱨᱤᱛᱩ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱟᱹᱭᱠᱟᱹᱣᱜᱼᱟ ᱾ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱟᱨᱟ ᱦᱟᱹᱨᱤ ᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱫᱚ ᱦᱩᱭᱩᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ 890 millimetres (35 in) ᱾ [᱘][᱙] ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱫᱚ ᱟᱹᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱚᱡᱽᱨᱟ-ᱟ ᱾ ᱡᱮᱜᱮᱛ ᱨᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱑᱓ ᱟᱱᱟᱜ ᱚᱡᱽᱨᱟ ᱦᱚᱭ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱫᱚ ᱾ ᱱᱚᱶᱟ ᱵᱟᱡᱟᱨ ᱨᱮ ᱟᱭᱢᱟ ᱜᱮ ᱠᱟᱹᱨᱜᱟᱲ ᱠᱚ ᱢᱮᱱᱟᱜ ᱠᱷᱟᱹᱛᱤᱨ ᱫᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱸ ᱟᱰᱤ ᱵᱟᱹᱲᱛᱤ ᱜᱮ ᱚᱡᱽᱨᱟᱜ ᱠᱟᱱᱟ ᱾ [᱑᱐]




Ludhiana (1971–1990)ᱨᱮᱭᱟᱜ ᱦᱚᱭᱼᱦᱤᱥᱤᱫ ᱵᱟᱵᱚᱛ ᱠᱟᱛᱷᱟ
ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚ ᱡᱟᱱ ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽ ᱢᱟᱨᱪ ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ ᱢᱮᱹ ᱡᱩᱱ ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ ᱟᱜᱚᱥᱴ ᱥᱮᱯ ᱚᱠᱴᱚ ᱱᱚᱵᱷᱮ ᱰᱤᱥᱮ ᱥᱮᱨᱢᱟ
ᱡᱟᱹᱥᱛᱤ ᱨᱮᱠᱳᱨᱰ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 28
(82)
33
(91)
38
(100)
43
(109)
48
(119)
47
(117)
42
(108)
39
(102)
38
(100)
37
(99)
34
(93)
28
(83)
48
(119)
ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 23
(74)
26.9
(80.5)
32.8
(91.1)
39.2
(102.5)
43.2
(109.8)
42.9
(109.2)
37.6
(99.7)
37.4
(99.3)
36.7
(98.1)
34.7
(94.4)
31.8
(89.3)
23.5
(74.3)
44.0
(111.2)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱪᱮᱛᱟᱱ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 19
(66)
21.0
(69.8)
26.0
(78.8)
34.5
(94.1)
38.8
(101.8)
39.6
(103.3)
34.0
(93.2)
32.7
(90.9)
33.1
(91.6)
31.8
(89.2)
27.3
(81.1)
22.1
(71.8)
26.2
(79.2)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱞᱟᱛᱟᱨ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 6
(43)
8.3
(46.9)
13
(55)
18.8
(65.8)
23.1
(73.6)
25.4
(77.7)
24
(75)
23.3
(73.9)
21.8
(71.2)
17.0
(62.6)
10.5
(50.9)
6.7
(44.1)
16.4
(61.6)
ᱪᱟᱸᱫᱚᱠᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱠᱚᱢ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) 1.9
(35.5)
3.6
(38.5)
6.9
(44.5)
12.7
(54.9)
17.4
(63.3)
19.9
(67.9)
19.2
(66.5)
20.3
(68.5)
18.1
(64.6)
13.2
(55.8)
5.3
(41.5)
2.8
(37.1)
1.1
(33.9)
ᱥᱟᱱᱟᱢ ᱠᱷᱚᱱ ᱡᱚᱢ ᱨᱮᱠᱳᱨᱰ °ᱥᱮ (°ᱯᱷᱟ) −2
(28)
−1
(30)
1
(34)
7
(44)
12
(53)
14
(58)
14
(58)
17
(63)
14
(58)
9
(49)
0
(32)
−1
(30)
−2
(28)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱫᱟᱜᱼᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱢᱤᱢᱤ (ᱤᱧᱪᱤ) 21
(0.83)
39
(1.54)
31
(1.22)
20
(0.79)
20
(0.79)
60
(2.36)
229
(9.02)
189
(7.44)
85
(3.35)
5.1
(0.2)
13
(0.51)
21
(0.83)
733.1
(28.88)
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ ᱫᱟᱜᱼᱡᱟᱹᱲᱤ ᱢᱟᱦᱟᱸ (≥ 1.0 mm) 2.8 3.6 4.5 1.9 2.3 4.7 11.6 9.6 4.5 0.5 1.4 2.1 49.5
ᱮᱵᱷᱚᱨᱮᱡᱽ relative humidity (%) 74 66 62 44 39 49 71 76 68 61 68 74 63
ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱑: NOAA[᱑᱑]
ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱒: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[᱑᱒]

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱥᱟᱹᱠᱷᱭᱟᱹᱛ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

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  2. ᱒.᱐ ᱒.᱑ ᱒.᱒ ᱒.᱓ "Area and Population". Official Website of Ludhiana. Archived from the original on 7 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2016. Retrieved 4 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2016. 
  3. "India's Manchester". BBC. 28 ᱯᱷᱮᱵᱽᱨᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2006. Archived from the original on 18 ᱚᱜᱚᱥᱴ 2014. Retrieved 25 ᱢᱮ 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  4. "Sub National". World Bank (in ᱟᱝᱜᱽᱨᱮᱡᱤ). Retrieved 2019-10-10. 
  5. "Falling Rain Genomics, Inc – Ludhiana". fallingrain.com. Archived from the original on 29 ᱢᱮ 2008. Retrieved 8 ᱡᱩᱱ 2008.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  6. "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 ᱢᱮ 2017. Retrieved 24 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2017.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  7. "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2013. Retrieved 7 ᱡᱩᱞᱟᱭ 2012.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  8. Majeed, Shariq (26 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2014). "Ludhiana worries over its PM". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 27 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  9. Preet, Jatinder (16 ᱚᱠᱴᱚᱵᱚᱨ 2011). "Ludhiana fourth most polluted city in the world". The Sunday Guardian. Delhi, India. Archived from the original on 12 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  10. "How air and water pollution plagues Indian cities". Hindustan Times. 1 ᱰᱤᱥᱮᱢᱵᱚᱨ 2013. Archived from the original on 29 ᱡᱟᱱᱩᱣᱟᱨᱤ 2014.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)
  11. "Ludhiana Climate Normals 1971-1990". National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. Retrieved 22 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2015. 
  12. "Ever recorded maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 ᱢᱟᱨᱪ 2014. Retrieved 22 ᱮᱯᱨᱤᱞ 2015.  Unknown parameter |url-status= ignored (help)

ᱵᱟᱦᱨᱮ ᱡᱚᱱᱚᱲ[ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ | ᱯᱷᱮᱰᱟᱛ ᱥᱟᱯᱲᱟᱣ]

ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱞᱩᱫᱷᱤᱭᱟᱱᱟ ᱦᱚᱱᱚᱛ ᱪᱷᱟᱸᱪ:ᱯᱟᱧᱡᱟᱵᱽ (ᱥᱤᱧᱚᱛᱤᱭᱟᱹ ᱯᱚᱱᱚᱛ)